Expression of adiponectin receptors and effects of adiponectin isoforms in mouse preimplantation embryos.
Summary of "Expression of adiponectin receptors and effects of adiponectin isoforms in mouse preimplantation embryos."
BACKGROUND Adiponectin, a pleiotropic hormone secreted from adipose tissue, can mediate some negative effects of obesity on female health, and can participate in the impaired reproductive performance of obese women. Using a mouse model, we investigated expression of adiponectin receptors in ovulated oocytes and in vivo derived preimplantation embryos, and tested effects of different adiponectin isoforms on development of preimplantation embryos in vitro. METHODS AND RESULTS Using RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry, we found expression of adiponectin receptors AdipoR1 and AdipoR2, at the mRNA and protein level, in mouse ovulated oocytes and preimplantation embryos. Quantitative real-time RT-PCR analysis showed a decrease in the amount of AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 mRNA after fertilization, which was followed by an increase in mRNA at the morula and blastocyst stage; mRNA for adiponectin was detected only at the blastocyst stage. Administration of full-length adiponectin significantly changed the distribution in numbers of cells of cultured preimplantation embryos, increasing the proportion of embryos with high cell numbers (>128 cells) and decreasing the proportion of embryos with lower cell numbers (<65 cells). Blastocysts possessed significantly higher cell numbers after full-length adiponectin treatment. Mutated trimeric adiponectin had the opposite effect, a significant decrease in the proportion of embryos with higher cell numbers (>96 cells) and increase in the proportion of embryos with lower cell numbers (<65 cells). Trimeric adiponectin also significantly decreased the cell number and increased cell death in blastocysts. Truncated globular adiponectin had no significant effect on development of mouse preimplantation embryos. CONCLUSIONS Our results indicate that adiponectin can directly influence the development of the preimplantation embryo, and the effects are isoform dependent.
Institute of Animal Physiology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Soltésovej 4, 04001 Kosice, Slovakia.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Human reproduction (Oxford, England)
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20663797
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/humrep/deq193
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Cell surface receptors for ADIPONECTIN, an antidiabetic hormone secreted by ADIPOCYTES. Adiponectin receptors are membrane proteins with multiple cytoplasmic and extracellular regions. They are about 43 kDa and encoded by at least two genes with different affinities for globular and full-length adiponectin.
A 30-kDa COMPLEMENT C1Q-related protein, the most abundant gene product secreted by FAT CELLS of the white ADIPOSE TISSUE. Adiponectin modulates several physiological processes, such as metabolism of GLUCOSE and FATTY ACIDS, and immune responses. Decreased plasma adiponectin levels are associated with INSULIN RESISTANCE; TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS; OBESITY; and ATHEROSCLEROSIS.
Polypeptides produced by the ADIPOCYTES. They include LEPTIN; ADIPONECTIN; RESISTIN; and many cytokines of the immune system, such as TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR-ALPHA; INTERLEUKIN-6; and COMPLEMENT FACTOR D (also known as ADIPSIN). They have potent autocrine, paracrine, and endocrine functions.
A method of measuring the effects of a biologically active substance using an intermediate in vivo or in vitro tissue or cell model under controlled conditions. It includes virulence studies in animal fetuses in utero, mouse convulsion bioassay of insulin, quantitation of tumor-initiator systems in mouse skin, calculation of potentiating effects of a hormonal factor in an isolated strip of contracting stomach muscle, etc.
Cell surface proteins which bind GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID and control an integral membrane chloride channel. GABA-A receptors are the most prevalent inhibitory neurotransmitter receptors in the brain. Several isoforms have been cloned, and they belong to a superfamily which includes nicotinic receptors, glycine receptors, and 5HT-3 receptors. Most GABA-A receptors have separate modulatory sites sensitive to benzodiazepines and to barbiturates.
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