Sleep disordered breathing and nonsustained ventricular tachycardia in patients with chronic heart failure.
Summary of "Sleep disordered breathing and nonsustained ventricular tachycardia in patients with chronic heart failure."
Patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) have a high incidence of sleep disordered breathing (SDB). It is assumed that patients with the combination of CHF and SDB have more ventricular couplets and nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT) than patients without SDB.
In 63 patients, 49 men and 14 women with chronic heart failure (EF < 45%), all-night polysomnography and long-term-ECG were performed. Mean age was 59 ± 15 years, mean BMI 27 ± 5 kg/m(2). 56% had an ischemic, 44% a nonischemic heart disease. 51% had heart insufficiency classification NYHA III.
42 of the 63 patients (67%) had sleep disordered breathing (SDB) with an AHI ≥5/h. In 24 patients (38%) SDB was central, in 18 (29%) obstructive. More patients with SDB than patients without SDB had NSVT (50% vs. 19%). Nocturnal frequency of NSVT in patients with SDB was about twice as high as the rate observed during daytime (0.48/h vs. 0.21/h). In patients without SDB there was no relevant difference between day and night (0.23/h vs. 0.21/h). AHI correlated with NSVT (r = 0.329, p < 0.01). Day/night comparison of couplets was 2.3/h vs. 1.9/h in SDB patients and 2.0/h vs. 1.6/h in patients without SDB.
Patients with chronic heart failure have a high prevalence of SDB. The combination of CHF and SDB predisposes for nocturnal malignant ventricular arrhythmias.
Klinik für Innere Medizin, SP Pneumologie, Intensiv- und Schlafmedizin, Philipps-Universität Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Wiener klinische Wochenschrift
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22080939
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00508-011-0083-z
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Cardiac electrical stimulators that apply brief high-voltage electroshocks to the HEART. These stimulators are used to restore normal rhythm and contractile function in hearts of patients who are experiencing VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION or ventricular tachycardia (TACHYCARDIA, VENTRICULAR) that is not accompanied by a palpable PULSE. Some defibrillators may also be used to correct certain noncritical dysrhythmias (called synchronized defibrillation or CARDIOVERSION), using relatively low-level discharges synchronized to the patient's ECG waveform. (UMDNS, 2003)
Implantable devices which continuously monitor the electrical activity of the heart and automatically detect and terminate ventricular tachycardia (TACHYCARDIA, VENTRICULAR) and VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION. They consist of an impulse generator, batteries, and electrodes.
An abnormally rapid ventricular rhythm usually in excess of 150 beats per minute. It is generated within the ventricle below the BUNDLE OF HIS, either as autonomic impulse formation or reentrant impulse conduction. Depending on the etiology, onset of ventricular tachycardia can be paroxysmal (sudden) or nonparoxysmal, its wide QRS complexes can be uniform or polymorphic, and the ventricular beating may be independent of the atrial beating (AV dissociation).
Torsades De Pointes
A malignant form of polymorphic ventricular tachycardia that is characterized by HEART RATE between 200 and 250 beats per minute, and QRS complexes with changing amplitude and twisting of the points. The term also describes the syndrome of tachycardia with prolonged ventricular repolarization, long QT intervals exceeding 500 milliseconds or BRADYCARDIA. Torsades de pointes may be self-limited or may progress to VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION.
A potentially lethal cardiac arrhythmia characterized by an extremely rapid, hemodynamically unstable ventricular tachycardia (150-300 beats/min) with a large oscillating sine-wave appearance. If untreated, ventricular flutter typically progresses to VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION.
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