Advertisement

Topics

The estimation of body height from ulna length in healthy adults from different ethnic groups.

06:00 EST 15th November 2011 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The estimation of body height from ulna length in healthy adults from different ethnic groups."

Background:  Assessments of nutritional status frequently incorporate a measure of height to evaluate a person's relative thinness or fatness. Because height is often difficult to quantify, it may be predicted from alternative anthropometric measurements, including ulna length. Little information is available about the accuracy of these predictions in an ethnically diverse population. The present study aimed to evaluate published equations for predicting height from ulna length in adults from different ethnic groups. Methods:  Ulna length and standing height were measured in a gender-stratified sample of 60 Asian, 69 Black and 65 White healthy volunteers, aged 21-65 years. Height was predicted from ulna length using the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) equations and compared against the measured values. Linear regression analysis was used to develop equations to estimate height from ulna length and to explore the relationship between height and ulna length in subgroups. Results:  The mean (SD) age for Asian, Black and White in men was 31.7 (11.0), 32.0 (10.3) and 38.6 (12.5) years and in women was 26.2 (5.4), 32.6 (8.9) and 35.7 (11.7); the mean (SD) height in men was 170.9 (5.2), 178.1 (7.3) and 176.3 (7.7) cm and in women was 157.7 (4.7), 164.0 (5.9) and 163.7 (6.2) cm. Ulna length and measured height were significantly correlated among all subgroups, except Asian women (r = 0.11, P = 0.57). The mean (SD) difference between predicted and measured height showed significant overestimates for Asian and Black men [4.0 (4.8) and 6.7 (5.3) cm] and Asian and Black women [6.4 (4.9) and 4.4 (4.9) cm] but not for White men and women. Conclusions:  The MUST equations for predicting height from ulna length in healthy adults should be used with some caution among ethnically diverse populations, particularly in Asian women.

Affiliation

School of Health and Emergency Professions, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, UK.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of human nutrition and dietetics : the official journal of the British Dietetic Association
ISSN: 1365-277X
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [19271 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

The relationship between foot arch measurements and walking parameters in children.

Walking mechanics are influenced by body morphology. Foot arch height is one aspect of body morphology central to walking. However, generalizations about the relationship between arch height and walki...

A Procedure for Calculating the Vertical Space Height of the Sacrum When Determining Skeletal Height for Use in the Anatomical Method of Adult Stature Estimation.

Estimating stature from skeletonized remains is one of the essential parameters in the development of a biological profile. A new procedure for determining skeletal height (SKH) incorporating the vert...

Development of the green bottle fly Lucilia illustris at constant temperatures.

Lucilia illustris (Meigen 1826) (Diptera: Calliphoridae) is a cosmopolitan species that commonly colonizes carcasses and occasionally acts as parasites of humans or livestock, making it an insect of s...

Instrumental-Variables Simultaneous Equations Model of Physical Activity and Body Mass Index: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study.

We used full-system-estimation instrumental-variables simultaneous equations modeling (IV-SEM) to examine physical activity relative to body mass index (BMI; weight (kg)/height (m)(2)) using 25 years ...

Age-related change in handgrip strength in men and women: is muscle quality a contributing factor?

Age-related changes in muscle quality and muscle mass in the forearm, which relate to decline in handgrip strength (HGS), have not been reported. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relat...

Clinical Trials [5919 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Can Habitus Adapted Length Based Body Weight Estimation be Improved by Adding Further Parameters?

The purpose of this prospective single center study is to investigate if the accuracy of length based body weight estimation by the already investigated algorithm (CLAWAR) can be improved ...

Frailty and Body Composition in the Elderly Cancer Patients Treated With Chemotherapy

The investigators could hypothesize that age-related changes in body composition parameters play a role in the variable tolerance to chemotherapy in the elderly. However none of the studi...

The Development and Clinical Verification of Intelligent Rehabilitation System for Leg Length Discrepancy Patients

A structural leg length discrepancy (SLLD) is a common clinical problem. Its prevalence has been estimated at 40-70%. Those who have been suffered from limping for a long time may lead to ...

A Study to Evaluate if AC-084 is Safe, Its Fate in the Body as Well as Its Potential Effects on the Body in Healthy Subjects

The primary purpose of this first-in-man study is to investigate whether AC-084 is safe and well-tolerated when orally administered at single- and multiple-ascending dose to healthy adults

Evaluation of an Algorithm for Length Based Weight Estimation

The purpose of this prospective single center study is to investigate if a developed algorithm is more accurate than the pediatric emergency tape (Alpha 1 Werbedesign e.K., Falkenberg, Ger...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

Measurements of the height, weight, length, area, etc., of the human and animal body or its parts.

In utero measurement corresponding to the sitting height (crown to rump) of the fetus. Length is considered a more accurate criterion of the age of the fetus than is the weight. The average crown-rump length of the fetus at term is 36 cm. (From Williams Obstetrics, 18th ed, p91)

The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.

The length of the face determined by the distance of separation of jaws. Occlusal vertical dimension (OVD or VDO) or contact vertical dimension is the lower face height with the teeth in centric occlusion. Rest vertical dimension (VDR) is the lower face height measured from a chin point to a point just below the nose, with the mandible in rest position. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p250)

Quick Search
Advertisement
 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Nutrition
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...