War, Drought, Malnutrition, Measles - A Report from Somalia.
Summary of "War, Drought, Malnutrition, Measles - A Report from Somalia."
Somalia has been in the grips of disaster for two decades. Throughout this past summer, the human catastrophe dramatically worsened. Severe malnutrition and measles are rampant among Somali refugees in Kenya and Ethiopia and internally displaced people within Somalia.
From Doctors without Borders/Médecins sans Frontières, Geneva.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The New England journal of medicine
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22087678
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMp1111238
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Somalia is located on the east coast of Africa on and north of the Equator and, with Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, and Kenya, is often referred to as the Horn of Africa. It comprises Italy's former Trust Territory of Somalia and the former British Protectorate of Somaliland. The capital is Mogadishu.
A live attenuated virus vaccine of chick embryo origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of adolescents and adults who have not had measles or been immunized with live measles vaccine and have no serum antibodies against measles. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
The type species of MORBILLIVIRUS and the cause of the highly infectious human disease MEASLES, which affects mostly children.
A combined vaccine used to prevent MEASLES; MUMPS; and RUBELLA.
Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis
A rare, slowly progressive encephalitis caused by chronic infection with the MEASLES VIRUS. The condition occurs primarily in children and young adults, approximately 2-8 years after the initial infection. A gradual decline in intellectual abilities and behavioral alterations are followed by progressive MYOCLONUS; MUSCLE SPASTICITY; SEIZURES; DEMENTIA; autonomic dysfunction; and ATAXIA. DEATH usually occurs 1-3 years after disease onset. Pathologic features include perivascular cuffing, eosinophilic cytoplasmic inclusions, neurophagia, and fibrous gliosis. It is caused by the SSPE virus, which is a defective variant of MEASLES VIRUS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp767-8)
In July 2011, the internationally supported Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit --- Somalia* conducted nutrition and mortality surveys across 17 livelihood zones† in southern Somalia to assess...
Member states of the World Health Organization (WHO) African (AFR) and Eastern Mediterranean (EMR) regions have set goals for measles elimination by 2020 and 2015, respectively. The two WHO regions in...
Widespread use of measles vaccine since 1980 has led to a substantial decline in global measles morbidity and mortality; measles elimination* has been achieved and sustained in the World Health Organi...
TO THE EDITOR: The Roma community in Europe is a subgroup of the Romani people, whose origins are in northern India and who have been known in English-speaking countries as "gypsies." Measles outbreak...
In 2008, the World Health Organization (WHO) African Region (AFR) measles technical advisory group (TAG) recommended establishing a measles preelimination goal, to be achieved by the end of 2012. The...
Objective It is the objective to test whether the use of prophylactic antibiotics in measles infection will reduce the incidence of post-measles pneumonia and/or admissions to hospital wit...
OBJECTIVES - General: To investigate the immunological background for the non-specific effects of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP) and measles vaccines on child mortality...
The general objectives of the proposed research work are: A1) to reduce childhood mortality in developing countries through better control of measles infection by finding the best immuniz...
The specific aims are to examine in Guinea-Bissau: - whether the standard titre Schwarz (SW) or standard-titre Edmonston-Zagreb (EZ) measles vaccine will be the best vaccine strai...
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the skin. AD is very frequent, and involves T lymphocytes cells. Measles vaccination, as well as measles vaccine, induces a temp...