Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
This work reports the fabrication of layer-by-layer (LbL) polyelectrolyte coated erythrocyte carriers that provide a simple means for controlling the burst and subsequent release of lysozyme. Erythrocytes were loaded with RITC-lysozyme as model compound via the hypotonic dialysis method. An encapsulation efficiency of 41.6% and a loading amount of 12.7 pg/cell was achieved. It is demonstrated that these carriers maintain their shape and integrity similar to natural erythrocytes after the encapsulation procedures, and achieve a uniform distribution of the encapsulated lysozyme. The erythrocyte carriers were fixed with glutaraldehyde and then successfully coated with biocompatible polyelectrolytes, poly-
-lysine hydrobromide and dextran sulfate, using the LbL method. It is demonstrated that the release profile of the encapsulated macromolecule can be regulated by adjusting the number of polyelectrolyte layers. Furthermore by adjusting the concentrations of the cross linking agent the activity of the encapsulated lysozyme can be well preserved. These core-shell microcapsules, consisting of erythrocytes loaded with bioactive substances and coated with a polyelectrolyte multilayer shell, hold promise for a new type of biocompatible and biodegradable drug delivery system.
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Block N4.1, Nanyang Avenue, Singapore, Singapore.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of materials science. Materials in medicine
Improving the therapeutic efficacy of chemotherapy remains a key goal for cancer therapy. Various passive and active targeting strategies have been developed to facilitate drug release targeted to can...
A new, simple and fast electrochemical method has been developed to determine the release profile of piroxicam, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, loaded in a drug delivery system based on nanostr...
Proteins have emerged as an important class of therapeutic agents due to their high specificity in their physiological actions. Over the years, diverse protein carriers have been developed; however, s...
Introduction Physiological processes at the molecular level take place at precise spatiotemporal scales, which vary from tissue to tissue and from one patient to another, implying the need for carrier...
Compared with other inorganic materials such as silica, metal oxides, noble metals and carbon, calcium silicate-based materials, especially nanostructured calcium silicate materials, have high biocomp...
The study will investigate the ability of a new PET tracer, 18F-AV-1451, to detect depositions of a protein, called tau, in the brains of people with a mutation in the tau gene that causes...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether erythrocyte mediated dexamethasone delivery reduces circulating inflammatory markers after coronary stent implantation and improves clin...
Women with a BRCA1 mutation face a lifetime risk of breast cancer of approximately 70% and a lifetime risk of ovarian cancer of approximately 40%. A number of potential anti-cancer nutrien...
The aim of this study is to perform the bone tissue engineering to reconstruct the alveolar bone defect in cleft lip and palate patients using mesenchymal stem cells from deciduous dental ...
This study is to try to maintain cultured dermal papilla cells in spherical structure in vitro before transplanting into dermis in vivo. Also, this study is aimed in clarifying actual mech...
Forms to which substances are incorporated to improve the delivery and the effectiveness of drugs. Drug carriers are used in drug-delivery systems such as the controlled-release technology to prolong in vivo drug actions, decrease drug metabolism, and reduce drug toxicity. Carriers are also used in designs to increase the effectiveness of drug delivery to the target sites of pharmacological actions. Liposomes, albumin microspheres, soluble synthetic polymers, DNA complexes, protein-drug conjugates, and carrier erythrocytes among others have been employed as biodegradable drug carriers.
A component of the Executive Office of the President established by the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988. The Office establishes policies, priorities, and objectives for national DRUG AND NARCOTIC CONTROL. The goals of the program are to reduce illicit drug use, manufacturing, and trafficking, drug-related crime and violence, and drug-related health consequences.
A ubiquitous membrane transport protein found in the plasma membrane of diverse cell types and tissues, and in nuclear, mitochondrial, and Golgi membranes. It is the major integral transmembrane protein of the erythrocyte plasma membrane, comprising 25% of the total membrane protein. It exists as a dimer and performs the important function of allowing the efficient transport of bicarbonate across erythrocyte cell membranes in exchange for chloride ion.
The senescence of RED BLOOD CELLS. Lacking the organelles that make protein synthesis possible, the mature erythrocyte is incapable of self-repair, reproduction, and carrying out certain functions performed by other cells. This limits the average life span of an erythrocyte to 120 days.
A family of membrane-associated proteins responsible for the attachment of the cytoskeleton. Erythrocyte-related isoforms of ankyrin attach the SPECTRIN cytoskeleton to a transmembrane protein (ANION EXCHANGE PROTEIN 1, ERYTHROCYTE) in the erythrocyte plasma membrane. Brain-related isoforms of ankyrin also exist.
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...