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Mitochondria are important modulators of Ca(2+) homeostasis. However, it is not clear if they modulate and participate in smooth muscle signaling and contraction. The aim of the present work was to investigate the role of mitochondria in Ca(2+) transients and contraction induced by metabotropic muscarinic receptor activation in rat gastric smooth muscle.
Department of Pharmacology, Paulista School of Medicine, Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP/EPM), Brazil.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Life sciences
Propofol has been shown to exert cardioprotection, but the underlying mechanisms remain incompletely understood. We examined: (1) whether propofol-induced cardioprotection depended on the time and the...
Giang, Michael, Demosthenes G. Papamatheakis, Dan Nguyen, Ricardo Paez, Carla Blum Johnston, Joon Kim, Alexander Brunnell, Quintin Blood, Ravi Goyal, Lawrence D. Longo, and Sean M. Wilson. Muscarinic ...
Cannabis sativa has long been known for its psychotropic effect. Only recently with the discovery of the cannabinoid receptors, their endogenous legends and the enzymes responsible for their synthesis...
Sinularin is an active compound isolated from the cultured soft coral Sinularia flexibilis. In this study, we investigated the effects of sinularin on two human gastric cancer cell lines, AGS and NCI-...
Ghrelin has been identified in some amphibians and is known to stimulate growth hormone release and food intake as seen in mammals. Ghrelin regulates gastrointestinal motility in mammals and birds. Th...
To investigate headache score and accompanying symptoms during and after infusion of carbachol.
An association between insulin resistance and mitochondrial dysfunction has been observed in aging, T2D, and in offspring of patients with T2D. It remains to be determined whether pharmac...
The purpose of this study is to test if carbachol infusion induces headache in migraine subjects as well as intra- and extra-cerebral vasodilatation.
Mitochondrial Diseases are rare progressive, multi-system, often early fatal disorders affecting both children and adults. KH176 is a novel chemical entity currently under development for ...
Ulcerative colitis is a systemic disease we assume that extra intestinal involvement as we describein our study( Fireman Z, Osipov A, Kivity S, Kopelman Y, Sternberg A Fireman E: Assessmen...
A synthetic methylprostaglandin E1 analog that reduces gastric acid secretion and enhances the gastric mucus-bicarbonate barrier. It is effective in the therapy of gastric ulcers and gives significant protection against NSAID-induced gastric mucosal damage. The drug also prevents cyclosporin A-induced damage to endocrine and exocrine pancreatic secretions. It shows a low order of acute toxicity and there is no evidence of embryotoxicity, fetotoxicity, teratogenicity, or mutagenicity in animal studies.
Artificially induced UTERINE CONTRACTION. Generally, LABOR, OBSTETRIC is induced with the intent to cause delivery of the fetus and termination of pregnancy.
Signal transduction mechanisms whereby calcium mobilization (from outside the cell or from intracellular storage pools) to the cytoplasm is triggered by external stimuli. Calcium signals are often seen to propagate as waves, oscillations, spikes, sparks, or puffs. The calcium acts as an intracellular messenger by activating calcium-responsive proteins.
Abnormal distention of the STOMACH due to accumulation of gastric contents that may reach 10 to 15 liters. Gastric dilatation may be the result of GASTRIC OUTLET OBSTRUCTION; ILEUS; GASTROPARESIS; or denervation.
A subclass of purinergic P2Y receptors that have a preference for ATP and ADP. The activated P2Y1 receptor signals through the G-PROTEIN-coupled activation of PHOSPHOLIPASE C and mobilization of intracellular CALCIUM.
Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...