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The NAD-dependent histone deacetylase sirtuin (Sirt)1 is implicated in a wide variety of physiological processes, ranging from tumorigenesis to mitochondrial biogenesis to neuronal development. Recent studies indicate that Sirt1 is a critical regulator of both the innate and adaptive immune response in mice and its altered functions are likely involved in autoimmune diseases. Small molecules that modulate Sirt1 functions are potential therapeutic reagents for autoimmune inflammatory diseases. In this review, we highlight the functions of Sirt1 in the immune system focusing on the underlying molecular mechanisms, and the potential of Sirt1 as a therapeutic target for autoimmune diseases.Immunology and Cell Biology advance online publication, 22 November 2011; doi:10.1038/icb.2011.102.
Department of Pathology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Immunology and cell biology
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Process whereby the immune system reacts against the body's own tissues. Autoimmunity may produce or be caused by AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES.
A sirtuin family member found primarily in the CELL NUCLEUS. It is an NAD-dependent deacetylase with specificity towards HISTONES and a variety of proteins involved in gene regulation.
A sirtuin family member found primarily in the CYTOPLASM. It is a multifunctional enzyme that contains a NAD-dependent deacetylase activity that is specific for HISTONES and a mono-ADP-ribosyltransferase activity.
A sirtuin family member found primarily in MITOCHONDRIA. It is a multifunctional enzyme that contains a NAD-dependent deacetylase activity that is specific for HISTONES and a mono-ADP-ribosyltransferase activity.
The biochemical and electrophysiological interactions between the NERVOUS SYSTEM and IMMUNE SYSTEM that result in regulation of the immune system by the nervous system.
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An antibody is a protein produced by the body's immune system when it detects harmful substances, called antigens. Examples of antigens include microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses) and chemicals. Antibodies may be produc...