Vitamin D Deficiency in Patients with Chronic Liver Disease and Cirrhosis.
Summary of "Vitamin D Deficiency in Patients with Chronic Liver Disease and Cirrhosis."
Vitamin D is now widely recognized to have multiple extraskeletal health functions. The liver is one of the major organs involved in its metabolism. Recent studies have demonstrated a very high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency in patients with chronic liver disease and cirrhosis. There is an emerging interest to explore the relationship between vitamin D deficiency and prevalence and severity of non-alcoholic liver disease and response to antiviral therapy in hepatitis C. In this review, we discuss the current status of our understanding of vitamin D metabolism and vitamin D deficiency in patients with chronic liver disease and cirrhosis.
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Indiana University School of Medicine, RG 4100, 1050 Wishard Boulevard, Indianapolis, IN, 46202, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Current gastroenterology reports
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22113744
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11894-011-0231-7
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental
Experimentally induced chronic injuries to the parenchymal cells in the liver to achieve a model for LIVER CIRRHOSIS.
A syndrome characterized by the clinical triad of advanced chronic liver disease, pulmonary vascular dilatations, and reduced arterial oxygenation (HYPOXEMIA) in the absence of intrinsic cardiopulmonary disease. This syndrome is common in the patients with LIVER CIRRHOSIS or portal hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PORTAL).
A condition produced by a deficiency of CHOLINE in animals. Choline is known as a lipotropic agent because it has been shown to promote the transport of excess fat from the liver under certain conditions in laboratory animals. Combined deficiency of choline (included in the B vitamin complex) and all other methyl group donors causes liver cirrhosis in some animals. Unlike compounds normally considered as vitamins, choline does not serve as a cofactor in enzymatic reactions. (From Saunders Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984)
Vitamin A Deficiency
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN A in the diet, characterized by NIGHT BLINDNESS and other ocular manifestations such as dryness of the conjunctiva and later of the cornea (XEROPHTHALMIA). Vitamin A deficiency is a very common problem worldwide, particularly in developing countries as a consequence of famine or shortages of vitamin A-rich foods. In the United States it is found among the urban poor, the elderly, alcoholics, and patients with malabsorption. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1179)
Hepatitis C, Chronic
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans that is caused by HEPATITIS C VIRUS lasting six months or more. Chronic hepatitis C can lead to LIVER CIRRHOSIS.
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