A rare manifestation of cricopharyngeal myopathy presenting with dysphagia in sarcoidosis.
Summary of "A rare manifestation of cricopharyngeal myopathy presenting with dysphagia in sarcoidosis."
Sarcoidosis is a systemic inflammatory granulomatous disease that affects multiple organs in the body; however, dysphagia is a relatively rare manifestation at early stages. Dysphagia in sarcoidosis is attributed to many mechanisms, such as mediastinal lymphadenopathy, esophageal or laryngeal involvement, cranial neuropathy, and brainstem infiltration. In this article, we report an extremely rare case with sarcoidosis who presented with dysphagia due to isolated cricopharyngeal myopathy. The 75-year-old woman presented with slowly progressive swallowing difficulty and videofluorography showed insufficient opening of the upper esophageal sphincter. On presentation, she had no cranial nerve or central nervous system impairments. A cricopharyngeal myotomy was performed, and histopathological study revealed a significant inflammatory change with non-necrotizing granulomas within the muscle tissue. We concluded that this was a very rare case of sarcoidosis presenting with localized cricopharyngeal myopathy. Postoperatively, a contracture of the esophageal entrance was successfully released and the dysphagia was alleviated.
Department of Otolaryngology, Kochi University School, Kochi, Japan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Rheumatology international
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22116526
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00296-011-2242-y
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A manifestation of sarcoidosis marked by chronic inflammation of the parotid gland and the uvea.
Sarcoidosis affecting predominantly the lungs, the site most frequently involved and most commonly causing morbidity and mortality in sarcoidosis. Pulmonary sarcoidosis is characterized by sharply circumscribed granulomas in the alveolar, bronchial, and vascular walls, composed of tightly packed cells derived from the mononuclear phagocyte system. The clinical symptoms when present are dyspnea upon exertion, nonproductive cough, and wheezing. (Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p431)
Difficulty in SWALLOWING which may result from neuromuscular disorder or mechanical obstruction. Dysphagia is classified into two distinct types: oropharyngeal dysphagia due to malfunction of the PHARYNX and UPPER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER; and esophageal dysphagia due to malfunction of the ESOPHAGUS.
A heterogeneous group of immunocompetent cells that mediate the cellular immune response by processing and presenting antigens to the T-cells. Traditional antigen-presenting cells include MACROPHAGES; DENDRITIC CELLS; LANGERHANS CELLS; and B-LYMPHOCYTES. FOLLICULAR DENDRITIC CELLS are not traditional antigen-presenting cells, but because they hold antigen on their cell surface in the form of IMMUNE COMPLEXES for B-cell recognition they are considered so by some authors.
Lymphoma, Primary Effusion
A rare neoplasm of large B-cells usually presenting as serious effusions without detectable tumor masses. The most common sites of involvement are the pleural, pericardial, and peritoneal cavities. It is associated with HUMAN HERPESVIRUS 8, most often occurring in the setting of immunodeficiency.
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