Experimental evaluation of flow and dialysis performance of hollow-fiber dialyzers with different packing densities.
Summary of "Experimental evaluation of flow and dialysis performance of hollow-fiber dialyzers with different packing densities."
The dialyzer housing structure should be designed in such a way that high dialysis performance is achieved. To achieve high dialysis performance, the flow of the dialysis fluid and blood should be uniform, without channeling and dead spaces. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of fiber packing density on the flow of dialysis fluid and blood, and on the dialysis performance of a hollow-fiber dialyzer at defined flow rates for blood (Q (B) = 200 mL/min), dialysis fluid (Q (D) = 500 mL/min), and filtrate (Q (F) = 0 mL/min). We measured Q (D), Q (B), and solute clearance for 3 test dialyzers with dialyzer housing different diameters. To evaluate the flow of dialysis fluid and blood, we measured the residence time of the dialysis fluid and blood in the test dialyzers by use of the pulse-response method. We also measured the clearances of urea, creatinine, vitamin B(12), and lysozyme to evaluate the dialysis performance of the test dialyzers. At packing densities ranging from 48 to 67%, higher packing densities and lower housing diameters of the dialyzer resulted in higher dialysis performance because the dialysis fluid and blood entered the hollow-fiber bundle smoothly and, hence, increased contact area between the dialysis fluid and the blood led to better dialysis performance.
Department of Chemical Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1, Okubo, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 169-8555, Japan, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of artificial organs : the official journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22116168
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10047-011-0620-6
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