Current Antiviral Therapy of Chronic Hepatitis B: Efficacy and Safety.
Summary of "Current Antiviral Therapy of Chronic Hepatitis B: Efficacy and Safety."
The treatment of chronic hepatitis B is in constant evolution. Interferon, the first agent licensed for chronic hepatitis B treatment, has been superseded by the growing popularity of nucleoside/nucleotide analogues (NA). However, resistance to these agents is a major challenge. Newer NAs, such as entecavir and tenofovir dipivoxil fumarate, have very low resistance rates and favorable safety profiles. Long-term use of these agents can effectively suppress hepatitis B virus DNA, leading to decrease in incidence of hepatitic flares, as well as in the development of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. The efficacy and safety of various antiviral agents is discussed in this review.
Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong Queen Mary Hospital, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Current hepatitis reports
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22131901
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11901-011-0109-z
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Hepatitis C, Chronic
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans that is caused by HEPATITIS C VIRUS lasting six months or more. Chronic hepatitis C can lead to LIVER CIRRHOSIS.
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER with ongoing hepatocellular injury for 6 months or more, characterized by NECROSIS of HEPATOCYTES and inflammatory cell (LEUKOCYTES) infiltration. Chronic hepatitis can be caused by viruses, medications, autoimmune diseases, and other unknown factors.
Hepatitis D, Chronic
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS DELTA VIRUS in conjunction with HEPATITIS B VIRUS and lasting six months or more.
Hepatitis B E Antigens
A closely related group of antigens found in the plasma only during the infective phase of hepatitis B or in virulent chronic hepatitis B, probably indicating active virus replication; there are three subtypes which may exist in a complex with immunoglobulins G.
Hepatitis Delta Virus
A defective virus, containing particles of RNA nucleoprotein in virion-like form, present in patients with acute hepatitis B and chronic hepatitis. It requires the presence of a hepadnavirus for full replication. This is the lone species in the genus Deltavirus.
Patients with chronic hepatitis B virus infection are at increased risk for the development of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Viral suppression with antiviral therapy has been shown to decrea...
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Both optimism and frustration exist regarding therapy for patients with chronic hepatitis B virus infection. Due to the recent advent of several drugs with potent antiviral capacities and comparativel...
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