Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Recent reports on Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) with increased numbers of IgG4-positive plasma cells suggest that this type of HT may have a close relationship to IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD). This unique subgroup of HT is termed as IgG4 thyroiditis and reveals distinct clinical, serological, and sonographic features from the non-IgG4 thyroiditis group. On the basis of immunostaining for IgG4, HT was divided into an IgG4 thyroiditis group and a non-IgG4 thyroiditis group. Clinically, IgG4 thyroiditis was associated with younger age group, lower female-male ratio, higher levels of thyroid autoantibodies, diffuse low echogenicity, more rapid progress requiring surgical treatment and more subclinical hypothyroidism. Serum IgG4 concentrations elevated in IgG4 thyroiditis and decreased significantly after a thyroidectomy. Histopathologically, IgG4 thyroiditis showed a higher grade of stromal fibrosis, lymphoplasmacytic infiltration, and follicular cell degeneration than non-IgG4 thyroiditis. IgG4 thyroiditis may represent IgG4-RD of thyroid gland, because it shares common histopathological characteristics with IgG4-RD in other organs. The identification of IgG4-RD of the thyroid gland opens new insights not only for patient's treatment with HT but also for the development of new therapeutic approaches for this rapidly progressive destructive subtype of HT. This article mainly focuses on reviewing the unique histopathological, clinical, and serological features of IgG4 thyroiditis group of HT. The etiology and genetic changes of HT are also discussed.
Department of Medical Technology, Faculty of Health Science, Kobe-Tokiwa University, Kobe 653-0838, Japan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Endocrine journal
Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a systemic fibroinflammatory disorder affecting nearly all organs, including the kidney. Tubulointerstitial nephritis (IgG4-TIN) is the most common form ...
IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a novel systemic disease entity characterized by elevated serum IgG4 and tissue infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells accompanied by severe fibrosis. Although re...
IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) has emerged as a new entity in the last decade. It comprises numerous conditions previously thought to be unrelated. Macroscopically, these diseases cause diffuse organ ...
IgG4-related disease is rare, but a frequent differential diagnosis for malignant and for autoimmune diseases. Li and colleagues report the largest cohort of patients with IgG4-related sialadenitis. T...
IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a fibroinflammatory condition characterized by serum IgG4 elevation and tissue infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells. Substantial overlap between IgG4-RD and ant...
Systematic medical chart and imaging files review of patients presenting with non-lymphoma, non-thyroid-related orbital inflammation. The review aims at comparing the frequency of MRI infr...
Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is an uncommon inflammatory disorder that may affect multiple organ systems, including the biliary tree. IgG4-sclerosing cholangitis (IgG4-SC) c...
IgG4-related disease is a rare and very recently identified pathology, whose frequency is certainly underestimated. The clinical presentation varies among affected organs, and most often,...
The purpose of this Phase 2 study is to investigate the effect of XmAb5871 on IgG4-Related Disease (RD) activity
The study has been designed as a 6-month, open-label, randomized, controlled study comparing the use of prednisone mono-therapy and prednisone and leflunomide combination therapy in treati...
Autoantibodies that bind to the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor (RECEPTORS, THYROTROPIN) on thyroid epithelial cells. The autoantibodies mimic TSH causing an unregulated production of thyroid hormones characteristic of GRAVES DISEASE.
A dehydrated extract of thyroid glands from domesticated animals. After the removal of fat and connective tissue, the extract is dried or lyophilized to yield a yellowish to buff-colored amorphous powder containing 0.17-0.23% of iodine.
Review of the medical necessity of hospital or other health facility admissions, upon or within a short time following an admission, and periodic review of services provided during the course of treatment.
Cell surface proteins that bind pituitary THYROTROPIN (also named thyroid stimulating hormone or TSH) and trigger intracellular changes of the target cells. TSH receptors are present in the nervous system and on target cells in the thyroid gland. Autoantibodies to TSH receptors are implicated in thyroid diseases such as GRAVES DISEASE and Hashimoto disease (THYROIDITIS, AUTOIMMUNE).
A dehydrated extract of thyroid glands. After the removal of fat and connective tissue, the extract is dried or lyophilized to yield a yellowish to buff-colored amorphous powder containing 0.17-0.23% of iodine.
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the neck, just above thecollarbone and is an endocrine gland that make hormones. These Thyroid hormones control the rate of many activities in the body, including how fast the body burns calories and how fast th...
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...