Cervical spinal cord injury due to fall while carrying heavy load on head: a problem in Bangladesh.
Summary of "Cervical spinal cord injury due to fall while carrying heavy load on head: a problem in Bangladesh."
Study design:Observational study.Setting:Centre for the Rehabilitation of the Paralysed (CRP), Dhaka, Bangladesh.Methods:This observational study was conducted on 84 patients of Cervical spinal cord injury (CSCI) due to fall while carrying heavy load on head. They were admitted at the CRP, Dhaka, Bangladesh between January1999 and December 2001. Relevant personal information, neurological status, types of bony injuries and x-ray findings were noted down in pre-structured questionnaire. In addition, each subject was interviewed to find out the cause of accidental fall while carrying heavy load on head.Results:Age of the studied subjects ranged between10 to 50 years. All were male of whom 79 (94%) subjects were farmers and/or low cost daily laborers. In all, 72% percent of the subjects were carrying 60-80 kg weight on their head when fall occurred. A total of 48 (57%) subjects had complete neurological lesion. The most common vertebral levels were C5 and C6. So far the mechanism of injury is concerned hyper flexion of the cervical spine predominated (61%) over hyperextension (36%).Conclusion:Fall while carrying heavy load on head is a common cause of CSCI in Bangladesh. The victims are mostly young farmers or unskilled day laborers who were not habituated to carry heavy load on head.Spinal Cord advance online publication, 6 December 2011; doi:10.1038/sc.2011.153.
Department of Orthopaedics and Spinal surgery, Square Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Spinal cord
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22143680
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sc.2011.153
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Central Cord Syndrome
A syndrome associated with traumatic injury to the cervical or upper thoracic regions of the spinal cord characterized by weakness in the arms with relative sparing of the legs and variable sensory loss. This condition is associated with ischemia, hemorrhage, or necrosis involving the central portions of the spinal cord. Corticospinal fibers destined for the legs are spared due to their more external location in the spinal cord. This clinical pattern may emerge during recovery from spinal shock. Deficits may be transient or permanent.
Spinal Cord Regeneration
Repair of the damaged neuron function after SPINAL CORD INJURY or SPINAL CORD DISEASES.
A network of nerve fibers originating in the upper four cervical spinal cord segments. The cervical plexus distributes cutaneous nerves to parts of the neck, shoulders, and back of the head, and motor fibers to muscles of the cervical spinal column, infrahyoid muscles, and the diaphragm.
Longitudinal cavities in the spinal cord, most often in the cervical region, which may extend for multiple spinal levels. The cavities are lined by dense, gliogenous tissue and may be associated with SPINAL CORD NEOPLASMS; spinal cord traumatic injuries; and vascular malformations. Syringomyelia is marked clinically by pain and PARESTHESIA, muscular atrophy of the hands, and analgesia with thermoanesthesia of the hands and arms, but with the tactile sense preserved (sensory dissociation). Lower extremity spasticity and incontinence may also develop. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1269)
Spinal Cord Diseases
Pathologic conditions which feature SPINAL CORD damage or dysfunction, including disorders involving the meninges and perimeningeal spaces surrounding the spinal cord. Traumatic injuries, vascular diseases, infections, and inflammatory/autoimmune processes may affect the spinal cord.
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