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Pyogenic infections of the spine are relatively rare with an incidence between 1:100,000 and 1:250,000 per year, but the incidence is increasing due to increases in average life-expectancy, risk factors, and medical comorbidities. The mean time in hospital varies from 30 to 57 days and the hospital mortality is reported to be 2-17%. This article presents the relevant literature and our experience of conservative and surgical treatment of pyogenic spondylodiscitis.
We have performed a review of the relevant literature and report the results of our own research in the diagnosis and treatment of pyogenic spondylodiscitis. We present a sequential algorithm for identification of the pathogen with blood cultures, CT-guided biopsies and intraoperative tissue samples. Basic treatment principles and indications for surgery and our surgical strategies are discussed.
Recent efforts have been directed toward early mobilisation of patients using primary stable surgical techniques that lead to a further reduction of the mortality. Currently our hospital mortality in patients with spondylodiscitis is around 2%. With modern surgical and antibiotic treatment, a relapse of spondylodiscitis is unlikely to occur. In literature the relapse rate of 0-7% has been recorded. Overall the quality of life seems to be more favourable in patients following surgical treatment of spondylodiscitis.
With close clinical and radiological monitoring of patients with spondylodiscitis, conservative and surgical therapies have become more successful. When indicated, surgical stabilisation of the infected segments is mandatory for control of the disease and immediate mobilisation of the patients.
Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, ZKS (BMBF 01KN1106), University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International orthopaedics
The term spondylodiscitis aims to describe any spinal infection. Medical treatment is the gold standard; nevertheless, surgical treatment can be indicated. The aim of this work was to study the epidem...
Pyogenic spondylodiscitis is the infectious process that affects the vertebral body and the intervertebral disc. It has an incidence between 2 and 7%. To prescribe antibiotic treatment, it is required...
Purpose To determine the value of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in patients with acute spondylodiscitis. Methods and Materials For data acquisition, we searched our radiological databas...
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Spondylodiscitis is an infectious disease of the intervertebral discs and adjacent vertebral bodies, which often has a protracted progression. Diagnosis is frequently delayed because of th...
Duration of antimicrobial therapy for spondylodiscitis is not standardized; it could vary from 6 weeks to several months depending on the medical habits. The study hypothesis is that a 6 w...
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A vasodilator that also has bronchodilatory action. It has been employed in the treatment of angina pectoris, in the treatment of asthma, and in conjunction with ultraviolet light A, has been tried in the treatment of vitiligo. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1024)
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An anabolic steroid that has been used in the treatment of male HYPOGONADISM, delayed puberty in males, and in the treatment of breast neoplasms in women.
Treatment of some morbid condition by producing a reflex action, as in the household treatment of nosebleed by a piece of ice applied to the cervical spine. (Stedman, 27th ed)