Design and Synthesis of Novel Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (HER2)/Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) Dual Inhibitors Bearing a Pyrrolo3,2-dpyrimidine Scaffold.
Summary of "Design and Synthesis of Novel Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (HER2)/Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) Dual Inhibitors Bearing a Pyrrolo3,2-dpyrimidine Scaffold."
Dual inhibitors of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) have been investigated for breast, lung, gastric, prostate, and other cancers; one, lapatinib, is currently approved for breast cancer. To develop novel HER2/EGFR dual kinase inhibitors, we designed and synthesized pyrrolo[3,2-d]pyrimidine derivatives capable of fitting into the receptors' ATP binding site. Among the prepared compounds, 34e showed potent HER2 and EGFR (HER1) inhibitory activities as well as tumor growth inhibitory activity. The X-ray cocrystal structures of 34e with both HER2 and EGFR demonstrated that 34e interacts with the expected residues in their respective ATP pockets. Furthermore, reflecting its good oral bioavailability, 34e exhibited potent in vivo efficacy in HER2-overexpressing tumor xenograft models. On the basis of these findings, we report 34e (TAK-285) as a promising candidate for clinical development as a novel HER2/EGFR dual kinase inhibitor.
Pharmaceutical Research Division, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited , 26-1 Muraoka-Higashi 2-chome, Fujisawa, Kanagawa 251-8555, Japan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of medicinal chemistry
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor
A cell surface receptor involved in regulation of cell growth and differentiation. It is specific for EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR and EGF related peptides including TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR ALPHA, amphiregulin, and heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor. The binding of ligand to the receptor causes activation of its intrinsic tyrosine kinase activity and rapid internalization of the receptor-ligand complex into the cell.
Epidermal Growth Factor
A 6-kDa polypeptide growth factor initially discovered in mouse submaxillary glands. Human epidermal growth factor was originally isolated from urine based on its ability to inhibit gastric secretion and called urogastrone. EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR exerts a wide variety of biological effects including the promotion of proliferation and differentiation of mesenchymal and epithelial cells.
Fibroblast Growth Factor 8
A fibroblast growth factor that preferentially activates FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR RECEPTOR 4. It was initially identified as an androgen-induced growth factor and plays a role in regulating growth of human BREAST NEOPLASMS and PROSTATIC NEOPLASMS.
Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 2
A fibroblast growth factor receptor that is found in two isoforms. One receptor isoform is found in the MESENCHYME and is activated by FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR 2. A second isoform of fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 is found mainly in EPITHELIAL CELLS and is activated by FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR 7 and FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR 10. Mutation of the gene for fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 can result in APERT SYNDROME.
A cell surface protein-tyrosine kinase receptor that is specific for NEUREGULINS. It has extensive homology to and can heterodimerize with the EGF Receptor (RECEPTOR, EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR) and the erbB-2 receptor (RECEPTOR, ERBB-2). Overexpression of the erbB-3 receptor is associated with tumorigenesis.
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