The effects of altitude associated central apnea on the diagnosis and treatment of obstructive sleep apnea: comparative data from three different altitude locations in the mountain west.
Summary of "The effects of altitude associated central apnea on the diagnosis and treatment of obstructive sleep apnea: comparative data from three different altitude locations in the mountain west."
This study documents both the incidence and effects of central apnea on diagnosis and treatment of OSA at different altitudes in the Mountain West and substantiates the clinical impression that individuals living at altitude with moderate to severe OSA are significantly more difficult to treat with PAP.
Department of Family Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Southern Colorado Residency Program, Pueblo, CO.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of clinical sleep medicine : JCSM : official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Sleep Apnea, Central
A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration. This condition may be idiopathic (primary) or associated with lower brain stem lesions; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (LUNG DISEASES, OBSTRUCTIVE); HEART FAILURE, CONGESTIVE; medication effect; and other conditions. Sleep maintenance is impaired, resulting in daytime hypersomnolence. Primary central sleep apnea is frequently associated with obstructive sleep apnea. When both forms are present the condition is referred to as mixed sleep apnea (see SLEEP APNEA SYNDROMES). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395; Neurol Clin 1996;14(3):611-28)
Sleep Apnea Syndromes
Disorders characterized by multiple cessations of respirations during sleep that induce partial arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. Sleep apnea syndromes are divided into central (see SLEEP APNEA, CENTRAL), obstructive (see SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE), and mixed central-obstructive types.
The use of caves, mines, or other subterranean environments in treatment of diseases. Speleotherapy is used in some Central and Eastern European countries to treat CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE AIRWAY DISEASE.
A derivative of morphine that is a dopamine D2 agonist. It is a powerful emetic and has been used for that effect in acute poisoning. It has also been used in the diagnosis and treatment of parkinsonism, but its adverse effects limit its use.
An abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by alternating periods of apnea and deep, rapid breathing. The cycle begins with slow, shallow breaths that gradually increase in depth and rate and is then followed by a period of apnea. The period of apnea can last 5 to 30 seconds, then the cycle repeats every 45 seconds to 3 minutes.
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A Multisite Randomized Trial of Portable Sleep Studies and Positive Airway Pressure Autotitration Versus Laboratory-Based Polysomnography for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea: The HomePAP Study.
To test the utility of an integrated clinical pathway for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) diagnosis and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment using portable monitoring devices.
The purpose of the study is to investigate the effect of acetazolamide as a treatment for sleep related breathing disturbances in patients with the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome living...
The purpose of the study is to investigate the effect of an altitude sojourn on patients with the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome
The purpose of the study is to investigate the effect of nasal continuous positive airway pressure in combination with acetazolamide as a treatment for sleep related breathing disturbances...
Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a common and underrecognised condition. The diagnosis of OSA is typically made after an in-lab polysomnography (PSG) which requires an overnight stay in a...
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