Right hepatectomy with resection of caudate lobe and extrahepatic bile duct for hilar cholangiocarcinoma.
Summary of "Right hepatectomy with resection of caudate lobe and extrahepatic bile duct for hilar cholangiocarcinoma."
En-bloc liver resection with caudate lobectomy (segmentectomy 1) is the standard procedure for hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Although its surgical mortality has been reduced below 5%, it is still a potentially hazardous operation. Complete tumor resection with negative surgical margins and safe reconstruction of bilio-enteric continuity are two principles of the surgical treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Surgeons must pay attention to the variation of the hilar structures including portal veins, hepatic arteries, and bile ducts. Three-dimensional imaging is beneficial not only for understanding anatomical variations but also for preoperative simulations. Since the U-point can be identified by both preoperative imaging and intraoperative inspection, it can be used as the landmark for the hepatectomy and the dissection point of the hilar plate. The hanging maneuver might be useful for both hepatic parenchymal dissection and bile duct dissection just right of the U-point. For safe biliary reconstruction, stay sutures in the anterior wall and transanastomotic stents may be helpful.
Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Yokohama City University, 3-9 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, 2360004, Japan, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of hepato-biliary-pancreatic sciences
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22170386
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00534-011-0481-7
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary
FIBROSIS of the hepatic parenchyma due to obstruction of BILE flow (CHOLESTASIS) in the intrahepatic or extrahepatic bile ducts (BILE DUCTS, INTRAHEPATIC; BILE DUCTS, EXTRAHEPATIC). Primary biliary cirrhosis involves the destruction of small intra-hepatic bile ducts and bile secretion. Secondary biliary cirrhosis is produced by prolonged obstruction of large intrahepatic or extrahepatic bile ducts from a variety of causes.
Impairment of bile flow in the large BILE DUCTS by mechanical obstruction or stricture due to benign or malignant processes.
A congenital anatomic malformation of a bile duct, including cystic dilatation of the extrahepatic bile duct or the large intrahepatic bile duct. Classification is based on the site and type of dilatation. Type I is most common.
Bile Ducts, Extrahepatic
Passages external to the liver for the conveyance of bile. These include the COMMON BILE DUCT and the common hepatic duct (HEPATIC DUCT, COMMON).
Impairment of bile flow due to obstruction in small bile ducts (INTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS) or obstruction in large bile ducts (EXTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS).
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