Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) in inflammatory bowel disease: association with pathophysiology of inflammation, established markers, and disease activity.
Summary of "Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) in inflammatory bowel disease: association with pathophysiology of inflammation, established markers, and disease activity."
Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is a multi-potent 25-kDa protein mainly secreted by neutrophils. In inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), overexpression of NGAL in colon epithelium has been previously shown. This is the first study analyzing serum and urinary NGAL levels in IBD patients, with regard to specific characteristics of patients and disease.
Serum and urinary NGAL levels were determined in 181 patients with IBD, 93 with ulcerative colitis (UC), and 88 with Crohn's disease (CD), 82 healthy controls (HC), and 41 patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
Serum NGAL levels were elevated in IBD patients (88.19 ± 40.75 ng/mL) compared with either HC (60.06 ± 24.18 ng/mL) or IBS patients (60.80 ± 20.30 ng/mL), P < 0.0001. No significant difference was shown between UC (86.62 ± 35.40 ng/mL) and CD (89.92 ± 46.05 ng/mL). Significantly higher levels of serum NGAL were observed in patients with active (120.1 ± 38.46) versus inactive IBD (61.58 ± 15.98), P < 0.0001. Serum NGAL displayed a strong ability to distinguish active IBD from inactive disease, healthy controls, or IBS patients with a sensitivity of 100, 95, and 95% and a specificity of 68, 83, and 79%, respectively, performing better than erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in the assessment of disease activity in both UC and CD. Urinary NGAL levels showed neither significant difference among patients and controls nor correlation with disease activity.
Serum NGAL is elevated particularly in active IBD and correlates with established markers of inflammation and disease activity, implicating its role in the pathophysiology of IBD.
Department of Gastroenterology, Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, University of Thessaly, Mezourlo, 41110, Larissa, Greece, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of gastroenterology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22200942
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00535-011-0516-5
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A lipocalin that was orignally characterized from human TEARS. It is expressed primarily in the LACRIMAL GLAND and the VON EBNER GLANDS. Lipocalin 1 may play a role in olfactory transduction by concentrating and delivering odorants to the ODORANT RECEPTORS.
An anti-inflammatory agent, structurally related to the SALICYLATES, which is active in INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE. It is considered to be the active moiety of SULPHASALAZINE. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Chronic, non-specific inflammation of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. Etiology may be genetic or environmental. This term includes CROHN DISEASE and ULCERATIVE COLITIS.
Leukocyte L1 Antigen Complex
A member of the S-100 protein family that is present at high levels in the blood and interstitial fluid in several infectious, inflammatory, and malignant disorders, including rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and cystic fibrosis. It is a complex of a light chain (CALGRANULIN A) and a heavy chain (CALGRANULIN B). L1 binds calcium through an EF-hand motif, and has been shown to possess antimicrobial activity.
The process in which the neutrophil is stimulated by diverse substances, resulting in degranulation and/or generation of reactive oxygen products, and culminating in the destruction of invading pathogens. The stimulatory substances, including opsonized particles, immune complexes, and chemotactic factors, bind to specific cell-surface receptors on the neutrophil.
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