The role of human leukocyte antigens as predisposing and/or protective factors in patients with idiopathic thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura.
Summary of "The role of human leukocyte antigens as predisposing and/or protective factors in patients with idiopathic thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura."
Fifty-four adult German patients suffering from idiopathic thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) have been examined for HLA class II. All patients presented autoantibodies against ADAMTS13 and ADAMTS13 activity levels <5%. Blood samples have been analyzed for HLA-DRB1 and DQB1 alleles using sequence-specific primer PCR and sequence-specific oligonucleotide PCR. Reference data of German bone marrow and blood donors were obtained from www.allelefrequencies.net . The results were evaluated employing two-sided binomial tests, and p values were corrected using the Benjamini-Hochberg procedure. A significant accumulation for DQB1*02:02 (p < 0.001) and DRB1*11 (p = 0.003) was found within the patient group. Twenty percent (DQB1*02:02) or 48.1% (DRB1*11) of TTP patients were tested positive for the particular HLA antigen compared to 1.2% (DQB1*02:02) or 23.5% (DRB1*11) in the control group. A tendency for a reduced occurrence of HLA-DRB1*04 was revealed (7.4% in patients compared to 24.6% in controls). An association between the HLA antigens DQB1*02:02 and DRB1*11 and disease susceptibility for idiopathic TTP has been found. A higher risk for disease outbreak within persons carrying the mentioned alleles can be assumed. The reduced occurrence of HLA-DRB1*04 in TTP patients indicates a possible protective effect of this HLA allele in disease development.
Department of Hematology, University Medical Center, Mainz, Germany.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Annals of hematology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22203269
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-011-1384-z
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A group of D-related human leukocyte antigens that are polymorphic glycoproteins found on lymphoid cells. They consist of alpha and beta chains and their inheritance differs from that of the DQ and DP antigens; their presence seems to be associated with certain skin diseases like pemphigus vulgaris, dermatitis herpetiformis, and type I diabetes.
The relating of causes to the effects they produce. Causes are termed necessary when they must always precede an effect and sufficient when they initiate or produce an effect. Any of several factors may be associated with the potential disease causation or outcome, including predisposing factors, enabling factors, precipitating factors, reinforcing factors, and risk factors.
Leukocyte Migration-inhibitory Factors
Protein factor(s) released by sensitized lymphocytes (and possibly other cells) that inhibit the movement of LEUKOCYTES, especially polymorphonuclear cells, away from their site of release. Assays for these factors are used as tests for cellular immunity. Two of the common assays are the LEUKOCYTE MIGRATION CAPILLARY TUBE TECHNIQUE (LMCT) and the LEUKOCYTE MIGRATION AGAROSE TEST (LMAT).
A group of three different alpha chains (CD11a, CD11b, CD11c) that are associated with an invariant CD18 beta chain (ANTIGENS, CD18). The three resulting leukocyte-adhesion molecules (RECEPTORS, LEUKOCYTE ADHESION) are LYMPHOCYTE FUNCTION-ASSOCIATED ANTIGEN-1; MACROPHAGE-1 ANTIGEN; and ANTIGEN, P150,95.
Cell-surface glycoprotein beta-chains that are non-covalently linked to specific alpha-chains of the CD11 family of leukocyte-adhesion molecules (RECEPTORS, LEUKOCYTE-ADHESION). A defect in the gene encoding CD18 causes LEUKOCYTE-ADHESION DEFICIENCY SYNDROME.
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