"Half plate of rice to a male casual sexual partner, full plate belongs to the husband": Findings from a qualitative study on sexual behaviour in relation to HIV and AIDS in Northern Tanzania.
Summary of ""Half plate of rice to a male casual sexual partner, full plate belongs to the husband": Findings from a qualitative study on sexual behaviour in relation to HIV and AIDS in Northern Tanzania."
A thorough understanding of the contexts of sexual behaviour of the people who are vulnerable to HIV infection is an important battle against AIDS epidemic. We conducted a qualitative study to investigate perceptions, attitudes and practices of sexually active people in three districts of northern Tanzania with the view of collecting data to inform the formulation of appropriate complementary interventions against HIV and AIDS in the study communities.
We conducted 96 semi-structured interviews and 48 focus group discussions with sexually active participants (18-60 years of age) who were selected purposively in two fishing and one non-fishing communities.
The study revealed a number of socio-economic and cultural factors which act as structural drivers of HIV epidemic. Mobility and migration were mentioned to be associated with the risk of HIV acquisition and transmission. Sexual promiscuous behaviour was common in all study communities. Chomolea, (a quick transactional sex) was reported to exist in fishing communities whereas, extramarital sex in the bush was reported in non-fishing community which was predominantly Christian and polygamous. Traditional practices such as Kusomboka (death cleansing through unprotected sex) was reported to exist. Other risky sexual behaviour and traditional practices together with their socio-economic and cultural contexts are presented in details and discussed. Knowledge of condom was low as some people mistook them for balloons to play with and as decorations for their living rooms. Acute scarcity of condoms in some remote areas such as vizingani (fishing islands) push some people to make their own condoms locally known as kondomu za pepsi using polythene bags.
HIV prevention efforts can succeed by addressing sexual behaviour and its socio-economic and cultural contexts. More innovative,interdisciplinary and productive structural approaches to HIV prevention need to be developed in close collaboration with affected communities and be closely related to policy-making and implementation; to go beyond the limited success of traditional behavioural and biomedical interventions to particularly address the underlying social and structural drivers of HIV risk and vulnerability in the study communities.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: BMC public health
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22202562
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-11-957
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Achievement of full sexual capacity in animals and in humans.
The anamorphic form of the fungus MAGNAPORTHE GRISEA and the most important pathogen of rice worldwide. It causes rice blast which prevents maturation of the rice grains.
The male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans and in some other male-heterogametic species in which the homologue of the X chromosome has been retained.
Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological
Physiological disturbances in normal sexual performance in either the male or the female.
Annual cereal grass of the family POACEAE and its edible starchy grain, rice, which is the staple food of roughly one-half of the world's population.
Abstract Recent studies suggest that people living with HIV with lower viral load are at reduced risk for transmitting HIV to their sexual partners. As information about the association between viral...
We evaluated sexual risk behavior in 368 Seattle-area MSM recruited in the 2008 National HIV Behavioral Surveillance survey. We found significant concordance between participants' self-reported HIV st...
Scientific information regarding normative patterns of young men's sexual behavior is insufficient, especially regarding the impact of sex of partner. We explored the age at which 255 young adult men...
Factors associated with gay male couples' concordance on aspects of sexual agreements remain understudied. The present study examined which relationship factors, self-reports of UAI, and patterns of H...
The relationship between alcohol and condom use has been studied extensively over the past several decades. Reviews of event-level studies suggest that alcohol's effect on risky sexual behavior are no...
Ribavirin should be avoided during pregnancy and during the 6 months before pregnancy in both the female and the male sexual partner. If a pregnancy occurs and is reported to the Ribaviri...
Sexual dysfunction is common in male patients with chronic renal failure on dialysis and after renal trasnplantation. Multiple factors play a role in this important clinical problem. Recen...
A Multicenter, Randomized, Parallel Group, Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled, Flexible Dose Escalation Study To Evaluate Sexual And Relationship Satisfaction In The Female Partner Of Men With Erectile Dysfunction Treated With Sildenafil Citrate
To compare the effects of sildenafil versus placebo on the female partner's sexual satisfaction as assessed by Question 3 of Female Partner of Erectile Dysfunction (ED) Subject Questionnai...
The purpose of this study is to explore patient and partner experiences with sexual dysfunction following radical prostatectomy, in order to understand its effects on sexual and non-sexual...
This investigation protocol uses an isotope reference method to evaluate bioavailability of ß-C in rice and its bioconversion to vitamin A. A well-nourished population will be fed hydrop...