Isolation of Thermo-stable and Solvent-Tolerant Bacillus sp. Lipase for the Production of Biodiesel.
Summary of "Isolation of Thermo-stable and Solvent-Tolerant Bacillus sp. Lipase for the Production of Biodiesel."
This study presents the production of biodiesel from algae oil by transesterification using thermophilic microorganism. The microorganism used in this study was isolated from the soil sample obtained near the furnace. The organism was identified as Bacillus sp., and the lipase obtained was purified by ammonium sulfate precipitation and ion exchange chromatography leading to 8.6-fold purification and 13% recovery. Molecular weight of the enzyme was determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and it was found to be 45 kDa. The effect of pH, temperature, and solvent addition on lipase activity was investigated. The enzyme showed maximum activity at 55 °C and at pH 7 and was also found to be highly active in the presence of organic solvents such as hexane and t-butanol. The isolated lipase was successfully used for the production of biodiesel. The transesterification activity of the isolated lipase showed 76% of fatty acid methyl esters yield in 40 h, which indicated that this enzyme can be used as a potential biocatalyst for the biodiesel production.
Department of Chemical Engineering, Alagappa College of Technology Campus, Anna University, Chennai, 600 025, India.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Applied biochemistry and biotechnology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22205320
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12010-011-9497-3
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Lipoprotein Lipase Activators
Compounds that increase the enzymatic activity of LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE. Lipoprotein lipase activators have a potential role in the treatment of OBESITY by increasing LIPID METABOLISM. Note that substances that increase the synthesis of lipoprotein lipase are not included here.
Hyperlipoproteinemia Type I
An inherited condition due to a deficiency of either LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE or APOLIPOPROTEIN C-II (a lipase-activating protein). The lack of lipase activities results in inability to remove CHYLOMICRONS and TRIGLYCERIDES from the blood which has a creamy top layer after standing.
Viruses whose host is Bacillus. Frequently encountered Bacillus phages include bacteriophage phi 29 and bacteriophage phi 105.
The pressure required to prevent the passage of solvent through a semipermeable membrane that separates a pure solvent from a solution of the solvent and solute or that separates different concentrations of a solution. It is proportional to the osmolality of the solution.
The metabolic process of breaking down LIPIDS to release FREE FATTY ACIDS, the major oxidative fuel for the body. Lipolysis may involve dietary lipids in the DIGESTIVE TRACT, circulating lipids in the BLOOD, and stored lipids in the ADIPOSE TISSUE or the LIVER. A number of enzymes are involved in such lipid hydrolysis, such as LIPASE and LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE from various tissues.
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