Polysaccharide-K (PSK) in Cancer - Old Story, New Possibilities?
Summary of "Polysaccharide-K (PSK) in Cancer - Old Story, New Possibilities?"
Polysaccharide-K (PSK, Krestin) is one of the most commonly used medicinal mushroom extracts with a long history as an additive in cancer therapy in Asia, especially in Japan. PSK has a documented anti-tumor activity both in vitro and in vitro, in various types of cancers, including colorectal, gastric, breast, liver, pancreatic, and lung cancer. Despite PSK having been studied for about 40 years as an immune modulator and biological response modifier, the mechanisms of action by PSK have not yet been clearly and completely elucidated. This review aims to provide an up-to-date account for the effects of PSK in cancer with the hope of thereby providing an increased understanding of the molecular mechanisms of PSK and also its potential as an additive in modern cancer therapy.
Chairman, Clinical Sciences Lund, Department of Surgery, Clinical Sciences Lund, Skåne University Hospital Lund, SE-221 85 Lund, Sweden. firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Current medicinal chemistry
Aureobasidium pullulans NRRL 6220 synthesized polysaccharide most actively in media containing sucrose, fructose or maltose with (NH4)2SO4 (0.6 g/l) or ammonium acetate giving greatest yields of the p...
Sprouty proteins are evolutionarily conserved modulators of MAPK/ERK pathway. Through interacting with an increasing number of effectors, mediators, and regulators with ultimate influence on multiple...
The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (N/L ratio) has been reported to be related to the prognosis of various types of cancer. In particular, a high N/L ratio has been suggested to be associated with poo...
Polysaccharide depolymerase, a polysaccharide hydrolase encoded by bacteriophages (or 'phages'), can specifically degrade the macromolecule carbohydrates of the host bacterial envelope. This enzyme as...
Genistein Combined Polysaccharide (GCP) may play a role as a secondary chemopreventive agent in the treatment of localized prostate cancer.
Genistein Combined Polysaccharide (GCP) is derived from adding soy powder to shiitake mushrooms. This concentrated mixture is currently being sold in Japan and the United States and is tho...
Randomised study comparing two pneumococcal vaccination strategies in HIV-infected adults with moderate immunossupression (CD4 between 200 and 500 cells/uL and viral load under 5logs), one...
This study will be conducted among adolescents in Saudi Arabia who previously received one dose of A, C, Y, W 135 and at least one dose of A, C meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine, this s...
The purpose of this clinical trial is to describe the safety and immunogenicity of one or two doses of Menactra® (TetraMenD) administered in children less than 2 years of age. Primary O...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The act, process, or an instance of narrating, i.e., telling a story. In the context of MEDICINE or ETHICS, narration includes relating the particular and the personal in the life story of an individual.
A cancer registry mandated under the National Cancer Act of 1971 to operate and maintain a population-based cancer reporting system, reporting periodically estimates of cancer incidence and mortality in the United States. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program is a continuing project of the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health. Among its goals, in addition to assembling and reporting cancer statistics, are the monitoring of annual cancer incident trends and the promoting of studies designed to identify factors amenable to cancer control interventions. (From National Cancer Institute, NIH Publication No. 91-3074, October 1990)
Semisynthetic vaccines consisting of polysaccharide antigens from microorganisms attached to protein carrier molecules. The carrier protein is recognized by macrophages and T-cells thus enhancing immunity. Conjugate vaccines induce antibody formation in people not responsive to polysaccharide alone, induce higher levels of antibody, and show a booster response on repeated injection.
A composition in prose or verse presenting in dialogue or pantomime a story involving various characters, usually intended to be acted on a stage and to be regarded as a form of entertainment. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Glycoproteins which have a very high polysaccharide content.