Pathophysiology of the metabolic syndrome: implications for the cardiometabolic risks associated with type 2 diabetes.
Summary of "Pathophysiology of the metabolic syndrome: implications for the cardiometabolic risks associated with type 2 diabetes."
: The worldwide obesity epidemic has brought to the author's attention the cardiometabolic risk factors and cardiovascular disease associated with the metabolic syndrome. The emphasis on diagnosing and treating the individual risk factors should help in the prevention of the cardiovascular disease associated with obesity, the metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes.
From the Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Bone Diseases, Mt. Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The American journal of the medical sciences
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22205060
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAJ.0b013e31823ea214
Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of risk factors for cardiovascular disease that affects an estimated 50 million Americans. The present article reviews the metabolic syndrome with respect to its defini...
[This corrects the article on p. e72832 in vol. 8.].
Prehypertension is the category of blood pressure (BP) defined as systolic BP between 120 and 139 mmHg and diastolic BP between 85 and 89 mmHg. Prehypertension is a continuum to hypertension and is em...
The metabolic syndrome is a clinical condition characterized by the presence of multiple interrelated risk factors for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Component features include dysglycemi...
The ingestion of calcium, along with alkali, results in a well-described triad of hypercalcemia, metabolic alkalosis, and renal insufficiency. Over time, the epidemiology and root cause of the syndrom...
The objective of this study was to investigate from 3 sites (University of Connecticut, University of Florida, and University of California, Irvine) whether enhancement of a modified Medit...
To characterize features of metabolic syndrome in volunteers. To undertake a randomised trial to determine whether treatment with a statin improves muscle microvascular blood flow.
Metabolic syndrome consists of a group of co-occuring conditions that increase an individual's risk of developing heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. The purpose of this study is to evalu...
The metabolic syndrome is a collection of health risks that includes obesity, high blood pressure, high triglycerides, high blood sugar, low good cholesterol, and resistance to insulin. T...
Oral contraceptives (OCs) are the most widely used method of reversible birth control. However, the long-term cardiovascular safety of the widely used low-dose OCs (ethinyl-estradiol < 50...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)
Disorder characterized by a vasculitic syndrome associated with exposure to an antigen such as a drug, infectious agent, or other foreign or endogenous substance. Its pathophysiology includes immune complex deposition and a wide range of skin lesions. Hypersensitivity or allergy is present in some but not all cases.
ANGINA PECTORIS or angina-like chest pain with a normal coronary arteriogram and positive EXERCISE TEST. The cause of the syndrome is unknown. While its recognition is of clinical importance, its prognosis is excellent. (Braunwald, Heart Disease, 4th ed, p1346; Jablonski Dictionary of Syndromes & Eponymic Diseases, 2d ed). It is different from METABOLIC SYNDROME X, a syndrome characterized by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA, that has increased risk for cardiovascular disease.
Deposits of ADIPOSE TISSUE throughout the body. The pattern of fat deposits in the body regions is an indicator of health status. Excess ABDOMINAL FAT increases health risks more than excess fat around the hips or thighs, therefore, WAIST-HIP RATIO is often used to determine health risks.
A condition of metabolic imbalance that is caused by complications of initially feeding a severely malnourished patient too aggressively. Usually occurring within the first 5 days of refeeding, this syndrome is characterized by WATER-ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE; GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS; and DIARRHEA.