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Pathophysiology of the metabolic syndrome: implications for the cardiometabolic risks associated with type 2 diabetes.

06:00 EST 30th December 2011 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Pathophysiology of the metabolic syndrome: implications for the cardiometabolic risks associated with type 2 diabetes."


ABSTRACT:
: The worldwide obesity epidemic has brought to the author's attention the cardiometabolic risk factors and cardiovascular disease associated with the metabolic syndrome. The emphasis on diagnosing and treating the individual risk factors should help in the prevention of the cardiovascular disease associated with obesity, the metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes.

Affiliation

From the Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Bone Diseases, Mt. Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The American journal of the medical sciences
ISSN: 1538-2990
Pages: 13-6

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A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)

Disorder characterized by a vasculitic syndrome associated with exposure to an antigen such as a drug, infectious agent, or other foreign or endogenous substance. Its pathophysiology includes immune complex deposition and a wide range of skin lesions. Hypersensitivity or allergy is present in some but not all cases.

ANGINA PECTORIS or angina-like chest pain with a normal coronary arteriogram and positive EXERCISE TEST. The cause of the syndrome is unknown. While its recognition is of clinical importance, its prognosis is excellent. (Braunwald, Heart Disease, 4th ed, p1346; Jablonski Dictionary of Syndromes & Eponymic Diseases, 2d ed). It is different from METABOLIC SYNDROME X, a syndrome characterized by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA, that has increased risk for cardiovascular disease.

Deposits of ADIPOSE TISSUE throughout the body. The pattern of fat deposits in the body regions is an indicator of health status. Excess ABDOMINAL FAT increases health risks more than excess fat around the hips or thighs, therefore, WAIST-HIP RATIO is often used to determine health risks.

A condition of metabolic imbalance that is caused by complications of initially feeding a severely malnourished patient too aggressively. Usually occurring within the first 5 days of refeeding, this syndrome is characterized by WATER-ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE; GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS; and DIARRHEA.

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