Hypothalamic Akt/PKB signaling in regulation of food intake.
Summary of "Hypothalamic Akt/PKB signaling in regulation of food intake."
Recent tremendous advances in our understanding of the regulation of food intake are expected to contribute to the treatment of obesity in the near future. The hypothalamus is a center for regulation of food intake and NPY/AgRP and POMC neurons are key regulators of food intake in the arcuate nucleus. The level of energy in the body is monitored by energy sensors in the hypothalamus. A variety of signals originating from peripheral organs to sense the status of energy converge on the hypothalamus and diverse neurons in the hypothalamus are involved in determining the output of signal to regulate food intake. Therefore, it is important to understand the signals and energy sensors in the hypothalamus. In this review, we describe the potential role of Akt/PKB signaling as an energy sensor that regulates food intake.
Department of Pharmacology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Frontiers in bioscience (Scholar edition)
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
By adjusting the quantity and quality of food intake to improve health status of an individual. This term does not include the methods of food intake (NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT).
Physiologic mechanisms which regulate or control the appetite and food intake.
A secreted protein of approximately 131 amino acids that is related to AGOUTI SIGNALING PROTEIN and is also an antagonist of MELANOCORTIN RECEPTOR activity. It is expressed primarily in the HYPOTHALAMUS and the ADRENAL GLAND. As a paracrine signaling molecule, AGRP is known to regulate food intake and body weight. Elevated AGRP has been associated with OBESITY.
A 16-kDa peptide hormone secreted from WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Leptin serves as a feedback signal from fat cells to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM in regulation of food intake, energy balance, and fat storage.
Pituitary Adenylate Cyclase-activating Polypeptide
A multi-function neuropeptide that acts throughout the body by elevating intracellular cyclic AMP level via its interaction with PACAP RECEPTORS. Although first isolated from hypothalamic extracts and named for its action on the pituitary, it is widely distributed in the central and peripheral nervous systems. PACAP is important in the control of endocrine and homeostatic processes, such as secretion of pituitary and gut hormones and food intake.
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