Cognitive impairment in antiphospholipid syndrome: evidence from animal models.
Summary of "Cognitive impairment in antiphospholipid syndrome: evidence from animal models."
Although antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a multisystem prothrombotic condition, its inflammatory nature has been increasingly recognized in recent years. Stroke and transitory ischemic attacks are the neurological manifestations included in APS criteria, however many other neurological involvements have been attributed to antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL), such as seizures, transverse myelitis, and cognitive impairment. In this article we will review evidence from animal model that explain the role of aPL in cognition.
Rheumatology Unit, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medical Science-State University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Clinical rheumatology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22218779
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10067-011-1922-z
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Disease Models, Animal
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic
A syndrome characterized by persistent or recurrent fatigue, diffuse musculoskeletal pain, sleep disturbances, and subjective cognitive impairment of 6 months duration or longer. Symptoms are not caused by ongoing exertion; are not relieved by rest; and result in a substantial reduction of previous levels of occupational, educational, social, or personal activities. Minor alterations of immune, neuroendocrine, and autonomic function may be associated with this syndrome. There is also considerable overlap between this condition and FIBROMYALGIA. (From Semin Neurol 1998;18(2):237-42; Ann Intern Med 1994 Dec 15;121(12): 953-9)
Antiphospholipid antibodies found in association with systemic lupus erythematosus (LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS, SYSTEMIC;), ANTIPHOSPHOLIPID SYNDROME; and in a variety of other diseases as well as in healthy individuals. The antibodies are detected by solid-phase IMMUNOASSAY employing the purified phospholipid antigen CARDIOLIPIN.
A systemic non-inflammatory arteriopathy primarily of middle-aged females characterized by the association of livedo reticularis, multiple thrombotic CEREBRAL INFARCTION; CORONARY DISEASE, and HYPERTENSION. Elevation of antiphospholipid antibody titers (see also ANTIPHOSPHOLIPID SYNDROME), cardiac valvulopathy, ISCHEMIC ATTACK, TRANSIENT; SEIZURES; DEMENTIA; and chronic ischemia of the extremities may also occur. Pathologic examination of affected arteries reveals non-inflammatory adventitial fibrosis, thrombosis, and changes in the media. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Syndromes & Eponymic Diseases, 2d ed; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p861; Arch Neurol 1997 Jan;54(1):53-60)
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