Whole body vibration training reduces plantar foot sensitivity but improves balance control of healthy subjects.
Summary of "Whole body vibration training reduces plantar foot sensitivity but improves balance control of healthy subjects."
The goal of this study was to investigate the effects of short-time whole body vibration (WBV) training on foot vibration sensitivity of healthy subjects. Furthermore, the effects of WBV on a balance task (one-leg stand) were also evaluated. 30 young healthy subjects participated in the study. Vibration perception thresholds and balance were measured prior and after a single session of a 4-min WBV training (27Hz, 2mm horizontal amplitude). Thresholds were measured at 200Hz at three anatomical locations of the plantar foot area (first and fifth metatarsal heads and heel). Body balance was quantified using the length as well as the area described by the center of pressure (COP) at quiet, one-leg standing. Whereas vibration thresholds significantly increased after WBV training at all measured locations, there was a significant decrease in the balance related parameters after WBV exercise. The results indicate that the above-threshold, sinusoidal vibration used during WBV training is not an adequate strategy to stimulate/improve vibration sensitivity. The improvements seen in balance after WBV are likely to have neuromuscular mechanisms as their main component rather than increased foot sensitivity.
Chemnitz University of Technology, Faculty of Behavioral and Social Sciences, Institute for Sport Science, Department of Human Locomotion, 09107 Chemnitz, Germany.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Neuroscience letters
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22061837
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2011.10.051
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Inflammation of the thick tissue on the bottom of the foot (plantar fascia) causing HEEL pain. The plantar fascia (also called plantar aponeurosis) are bands of fibrous tissue extending from the calcaneal tuberosity to the TOES. The etiology of plantar fasciitis remains controversial but is likely to involve a biomechanical imbalance. Though often presenting along with HEEL SPUR, they do not appear to be causally related.
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
Entrapment of the distal branches of the posterior TIBIAL NERVE (which divides into the medial plantar, lateral plantar, and calcanial nerves) in the tarsal tunnel, which lies posterior to the internal malleolus and beneath the retinaculum of the flexor muscles of the foot. Symptoms include ankle pain radiating into the foot which tends to be aggravated by walking. Examination may reveal Tinel's sign (radiating pain following nerve percussion) over the tibial nerve at the ankle, weakness and atrophy of the small foot muscles, or loss of sensation in the foot. (From Foot Ankle 1990;11(1):47-52)
Hand-arm Vibration Syndrome
An occupational disorder resulting from prolonged exposure to vibration, affecting the fingers, hands, and forearms. It occurs in workers who regularly use vibrating tools such as jackhammers, power chain saws, riveters, etc. Symptoms include episodic finger blanching, NUMBNESS, tingling, and loss of nerve sensitivity.
Plantar declination of the foot.
An abnormal reflex consisting of dorsiflexion of the great toe and abduction of the other toes in response to cutaneous stimulation of the plantar surface of the foot.
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