Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs use and risk of upper gastrointestinal adverse events in cirrhotic patients.
Summary of "Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs use and risk of upper gastrointestinal adverse events in cirrhotic patients."
The upper gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity associated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) use among cirrhotic patients remains unclear. The objective of this study was to evaluate the risk of upper GI adverse events associated with celecoxib and oral and parenteral non-selective NSAIDs in cirrhotic patients.
All the patients aged ≥ 20 years with a diagnosis of cirrhosis hospitalized for variceal bleeding and non-variceal upper GI adverse events (oesophageal, gastric, duodenal ulcer, bleeding; gastritis and duodenitis) in 2006 were identified using ICD-9-CM diagnosis codes from inpatient claims from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database. In the case-crossover study design, the case period was defined as 1-30 days and the control period as 31-60 days before the date of hospitalization. The information for individual NSAID use was obtained from the outpatient pharmacy prescription database. Adjusted self-matched odds ratios (OR) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated with a conditional logistic regression model.
A total of 4876 cirrhotic patients were included. The adjusted OR (95% CI) was 1.44 (0.89-2.31) for celecoxib, 1.87 (1.66-2.11) for oral non-selective NSAIDs and 1.90 (1.55-2.32) for parenteral NSAIDs overall. Risks were similar for variceal and non-variceal events. Concomitant use of proton pump inhibitors and histamine-2 receptor antagonists tended to decrease the upper GI toxicity associated with non-selective NSAIDs and celecoxib.
The use of nsNSAIDs but not celecoxib was associated with a two-fold increased risk of variceal and non-variceal upper GI events among cirrhotic patients.
Department of Family Medicine, Cathay General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Liver international : official journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22226322
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1478-3231.2011.02739.x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent (ANTI-INFLAMMATORY AGENTS, NON-STEROIDAL) similar in mode of action to INDOMETHACIN.
A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Oxyphenbutazone eyedrops have been used abroad in the management of postoperative ocular inflammation, superficial eye injuries, and episcleritis. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p2000) It had been used by mouth in rheumatic disorders such as ankylosing spondylitis, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis but such use is no longer considered justified owing to the risk of severe hematological adverse effects. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p27)
A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent that is less effective than equal doses of ASPIRIN in relieving pain and reducing fever. However, individuals who are hypersensitive to ASPIRIN may tolerate sodium salicylate. In general, this salicylate produces the same adverse reactions as ASPIRIN, but there is less occult gastrointestinal bleeding. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p120)
A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent with analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic properties. It is an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase.
A drug that has analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic properties. It is the sodium sulfonate of AMINOPYRINE. Because of the risk of serious adverse effects its use is justified only in serious situations where no alternative is available or suitable. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p13)
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