Advertisement

Topics

Endodontic imaging as an aid to forensic personal identification.

06:00 EDT 30th July 2010 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Endodontic imaging as an aid to forensic personal identification."

Abstract Identification by dental comparison between records of a missing person and the dentition of a deceased individual depends on recognition of concordant features common to both with no unexplained discrepancies. While written dental records are commonly used for this task, we believe they should not be the preferred basis of comparison because they do not derive directly from an individual and are potentially prone to errors, inaccuracies and misinterpretation. Images, however, are a direct representation of a physical item, and are an objective method of recording information. Radiographs are images that capture the unique morphological features of teeth, surrounding structures and physical detail of past dental treatment resulting in changes to a dentition. Taking post-mortem radiographs in such a way as to duplicate as closely as possible the conditions under which the ante-mortem radiographs were produced, permits demonstrably rigorous methods of comparison, raising the probative value of the outcome. In this context post-treatment endodontic radiographs present a particularly rich source of features on which individuation can be achieved, especially considering that alteration of endodontic restorations happens less frequently than is the case with intra-coronal restorations. We illustrate various techniques with a series of cases and discuss the parameters for success.

Affiliation

School of Biomolecular and Physical Sciences, Griffith University, Nathan, Queensland, Australia.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Australian endodontic journal : the journal of the Australian Society of Endodontology Inc
ISSN: 1747-4477
Pages: 87-94

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [13126 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Personal Identification in Forensic Science Using Uniqueness of Radiographic Image of Frontal Sinus.

Frontal sinus pattern matching is a useful means of forensic identification. By the use of radiographs forensic scientists have recognized that there are diverse anatomical variations in the structure...

Anthropometric correlations between parts of the upper and lower limb: models for personal identification in a Sudanese population.

Identification of a deceased individual is an essential component of medicolegal practice. However, personal identification based on commingled limbs or parts of limbs, necessary in investigations of ...

Identification and Endodontic Management of Middle Mesial Canal in Mandibular Second Molar Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography.

Endodontic treatments are routinely done with the help of radiographs. However, radiographs represent only a two-dimensional image of an object. Failure to identify aberrant anatomy can lead to endodo...

Evaluation of palatal rugae pattern in establishing identification and sex determination in Nalgonda children.

Establishing individual identification of a decedent only by dental means is a mammoth task in forensic odontology. Palatal rugae's uniqueness, its resistance to heat, and stability throughout life ha...

Can mandibular lingual canals be used as a forensic fingerprint?

This study aimed to identify whether the lingual canals of the mandible can be used as a unique fingerprint when dealing with forensic victim identification.

Clinical Trials [2859 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Effectiveness of Photodynamic Therapy for Endodontic Treatment of Deciduous Teeth

The elimination of pathogenic microorganisms from the root canal system is one of the main points in order to have success in endodontic treatment. The objective of this study is to perfor...

An Evaluation of an Adapted STEPPS Group Within Forensic Services

The purpose of this study is to determine how effective the STEPPS-HI group is at improving emotional regulation skills in those with identified difficulties in this area within forensic i...

Evaluation of Endodontic Status on Periodontal Healing of Concomitant Endodontic Periodontal Lesions

Introduction: To evaluate the effect of untreated endodontic infection on periodontal status in untreated non vital teeth with periapical radiolucency as compared to contralateral vital t...

Immediate Verses Delayed Surgical Periodontal Therapy After Endodontic Treatment in Endo Perio Lesion With Communication

The aim of the study is to conduct a prospective randomized clinical trial to evaluate the effect of immediate and delayed surgical periodontal therapy after non-surgical endodontic treatm...

Chlorhexidine Intracanal Medicament in Periodontal Healing in Concomitant Endo Perio Lesion With Communication

The aim of this prospective randomized controlled clinical trial is to evaluate the effectiveness of chlorhexidine intracanal medicament along with periodontal treatment in concomitant end...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Scientific study of human skeletal remains with the express purpose of identification. This includes establishing individual identity, trauma analysis, facial reconstruction, photographic superimposition, determination of time interval since death, and crime-scene recovery. Forensic anthropologists do not certify cause of death but provide data to assist in determination of probable cause. This is a branch of the field of physical anthropology and qualified individuals are certified by the American Board of Forensic Anthropology. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1992 Jun;13(2):146)

Disciplines that apply sciences to law. Forensic sciences include a wide range of disciplines, such as FORENSIC TOXICOLOGY; FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY; FORENSIC MEDICINE; FORENSIC DENTISTRY; and others.

The use of molecularly targeted imaging probes to localize and/or monitor biochemical and cellular processes via various imaging modalities that include RADIONUCLIDE IMAGING; ULTRASONOGRAPHY; MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; fluorescence imaging; and MICROSCOPY.

A technique applicable to the wide variety of substances which exhibit paramagnetism because of the magnetic moments of unpaired electrons. The spectra are useful for detection and identification, for determination of electron structure, for study of interactions between molecules, and for measurement of nuclear spins and moments. (From McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, 7th edition) Electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) spectroscopy is a variant of the technique which can give enhanced resolution. Electron spin resonance analysis can now be used in vivo, including imaging applications such as MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING.

A technetium imaging agent used in renal scintigraphy, computed tomography, lung ventilation imaging, gastrointestinal scintigraphy, and many other procedures which employ radionuclide imaging agents.

Quick Search
Advertisement
 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Dentistry
Dentistry is the study, management and treatment of diseases and conditions affecting the mouth, jaw, teeth and their supporting tissues (Oxford Medical Dictionary) The work of a dentist ranges from regular patient check-up to orthodontics and surgery....


Searches Linking to this Article