Immune suppression in the tumor microenvironment: a role for dendritic cell-mediated tolerization of T cells.

04:13 EDT 30th July 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Immune suppression in the tumor microenvironment: a role for dendritic cell-mediated tolerization of T cells."

Immune suppression remains a consistent obstacle to successful anti-tumor immune responses. As tumors develop, they create a microenvironment that not only supports tumor growth and metastasis but also reduces potential adaptive immunity to tumor antigens. Among the many components of this tumor microenvironment is a population of dendritic cells which exert profound immune suppressive effects on T cells. In this review, we discuss our recent findings related to these tumor-associated dendritic cells and how targeting them may serve to generate more durable anti-tumor immune responses.

Affiliation

Tumor Immunity and Tolerance Section, Laboratory of Molecular Immunoregulation, Cancer and Inflammation Program, National Cancer Institute, 211 Building 567, 1050 Boyles Street, NCI-Frederick, Frederick, MD, 21702, USA, hurwitza@mail.nih.gov.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Cancer immunology, immunotherapy : CII
ISSN: 1432-0851
Pages:

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A tumor necrosis factor receptor family member that is specific for RANK LIGAND and plays a role in bone homeostasis by regulating osteoclastogenesis. It also expressed on DENDRITIC CELLS where is plays a role in regulating dendritic cell survival. Signaling by the activated receptor occurs through its association with TNF RECEPTOR-ASSOCIATED FACTORS.

Specialized cells of the hematopoietic system that have branch-like extensions. They are found throughout the lymphatic system, and in non-lymphoid tissues such as SKIN and the epithelia of the intestinal, respiratory, and reproductive tracts. They trap and process ANTIGENS, and present them to T-CELLS, thereby stimulating CELL-MEDIATED IMMUNITY. They are different from the non-hematopoietic FOLLICULAR DENDRITIC CELLS, which have a similar morphology and immune system function, but with respect to humoral immunity (ANTIBODY PRODUCTION).

A transmembrane protein belonging to the tumor necrosis factor superfamily that was originally discovered on cells of the lymphoid-myeloid lineage, including activated T-LYMPHOCYTES and NATURAL KILLER CELLS. It plays an important role in immune homeostasis and cell-mediated toxicity by binding to the FAS RECEPTOR and triggering APOPTOSIS.

A member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily that is specific for 4-1BB LIGAND. It is found in a variety of immune cell types including activated T-LYMPHOCYTES; NATURAL KILLER CELLS; and DENDRITIC CELLS. Activation of the receptor on T-LYMPHOCYTES plays a role in their expansion, production of cytokines and survival. Signaling by the activated receptor occurs through its association with TNF RECEPTOR-ASSOCIATED FACTORS.

A heterogeneous group of immunocompetent cells that mediate the cellular immune response by processing and presenting antigens to the T-cells. Traditional antigen-presenting cells include MACROPHAGES; DENDRITIC CELLS; LANGERHANS CELLS; and B-LYMPHOCYTES. FOLLICULAR DENDRITIC CELLS are not traditional antigen-presenting cells, but because they hold antigen on their cell surface in the form of IMMUNE COMPLEXES for B-cell recognition they are considered so by some authors.


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