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We describe a case of hammock mitral valve in an adult. A 38-year-old woman presented with recently acquired dyspnea. Echocardiography showed severe mitral stenosis related to a hammock mitral valve characterized by the presence of an overdeveloped papillary muscle that gives short chordae to both mitral leaflets. No other valve insufficiency was noted. At operation, we observed direct continuity accompanying several fenestrations between both leaflets and the huge abnormal muscular band just underneath the mural leaflet. Resection of the anterior leaflet and was successfully replaced with a bioprosthetic valve. Her postoperative course was unremarkable.
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Gifu Heart Center, 4-14-4 Yabutaminami, Gifu, 500-8384, Japan, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: General thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
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Backflow of blood from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the LEFT ATRIUM due to imperfect closure of the MITRAL VALVE. This can lead to mitral valve regurgitation.
Abnormal protrusion or billowing of one or both of the leaflets of MITRAL VALVE into the LEFT ATRIUM during SYSTOLE. This allows the backflow of blood into left atrium leading to MITRAL VALVE INSUFFICIENCY; SYSTOLIC MURMURS; or CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIA.
A type of heart valve surgery that involves the repair, replacement, or reconstruction of the annulus of the MITRAL VALVE. It includes shortening the circumference of the annulus to improve valve closing capacity and reinforcing the annulus as a step in more complex valve repairs.
Narrowing of the passage through the MITRAL VALVE due to FIBROSIS, and CALCINOSIS in the leaflets and chordal areas. This elevates the left atrial pressure which, in turn, raises pulmonary venous and capillary pressure leading to bouts of DYSPNEA and TACHYCARDIA during physical exertion. RHEUMATIC FEVER is its primary cause.
A type of constriction that is caused by the presence of a fibrous ring (discrete type) below the AORTIC VALVE, anywhere between the aortic valve and the MITRAL VALVE. It is characterized by restricted outflow from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the AORTA.
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