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A 2D comprehensive chromatographic separation of blackberry sage fragrant oil was performed by using HPLC in the first dimension and SFC in the second. A C(18)-bonded silica column eluted with an ACN gradient was used in the HPLC dimension and an amino-bonded silica column eluted with ACN as a modifier in the SFC dimension. This 2D separation was completed in the off-line mode, the fractions from the HPLC column being collected and injected in the SFC column. The retention factors on the two columns have a -0.757 correlation coefficient. The method provides a practical peak capacity of 2400 in 280min. The first eluted peaks in HPLC are the last ones eluted in SFC and vice versa. The results demonstrate that the coupling of an HPLC and an SFC separation have a great potential for 2D chromatographic separations.
Department of Chemistry, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of chromatography. A
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A chromatography technique in which the stationary phase is composed of a non-polar substance with a polar mobile phase, in contrast to normal-phase chromatography in which the stationary phase is a polar substance with a non-polar mobile phase.
Fractionation of a vaporized sample as a consequence of partition between a mobile gaseous phase and a stationary phase held in a column. Two types are gas-solid chromatography, where the fixed phase is a solid, and gas-liquid, in which the stationary phase is a nonvolatile liquid supported on an inert solid matrix.
A CHROMATOGRAPHY method using supercritical fluid, usually carbon dioxide under very high pressure (around 73 atmospheres or 1070 psi at room temperature) as the mobile phase. Other solvents are sometimes added as modifiers. This is used both for analytical (SFC) and extraction (SFE) purposes.
An extraction method that separates analytes using a solid phase and a liquid phase. It is used for preparative sample cleanup before analysis by CHROMATOGRAPHY and other analytical methods.
Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.