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In this paper, we report the successful use of non-cadmium-based Mn-doped ZnSe d-dots (Mn/ZnSe) as highly efficient and nontoxic optical probes for human prostate cancer cells imaging. Mn/ZnSe d-dots are directly prepared in aqueous solution. The α-methylacyl-CoA racemase (AMACR) is overexpressed in prostate cancers; the presence of antibodies specific for AMACR is more sensitive and specific than serum prostate specific antigen levels in distinguishing patients with prostate cancers. Mn/ZnSe d-dots were linked to anti-AMACR to form Mn/ZnSe d-dots-anti-AMACR bioconjugates for the direct prostate cancer cell imaging. 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2 and 5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assay demonstrated that Mn/ZnSe d-dots exhibited favorable cytocompatibility to LNCaP cells with high concentration (1 mM) and long-time incubation (24 h). Furthermore, cellular imaging results demonstrated that Mn/ZnSe d-dots were remarkably efficacious for high-specificity cell imaging. The antibody-mediated delivery of the bioconjugates was further confirmed by the observation of no fluorescence signals in vitro targeting in nonprostate-cancer-based cell lines which are negative for AMACR. Mn/ZnSe d-dots as non-cadmium-based safe and efficient optical imaging nanoprobes could therefore be used for targeting imaging and treatment of cancers in the early stage.
Department of Analytical Chemistry, College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Qianwei Road 10, Changchun, 130012, China.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry
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