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Necrotizing fasciitis is an orthopedic emergency. The ability to quickly and accurately diagnose this rapidly spreading disease can save a patient's life and limb. However, the diagnosis is complex because necrotizing fasciitis usually manifests as a less severe cellulitis or abscess while the majority of the damages rage beneath the surface of the skin. Although the diagnosis is not new, the potential causes and vectors continually change. This article reports a new source of necrotizing fasciitis in an intramuscular injection of "bath salts," a rapidly emerging street drug that is legal in some states and evades authorities with its innocuous name.The patient presented 2 days after injection of bath salts with extensive cellulitis extending to the mid portion of her upper arm. The cellulitis initially responded to broad-spectrum intravenous antibiotics, but rapidly deteriorated 48 hours later, leading to a forequarter amputation with radical mastectomy and chest wall debridement to obtain healthy tissue margins and control the disease. The patient made a full recovery after further minor debridements, negative pressure dressings, directed antibiotic therapy, and skin grafting.The recent emerging popularity of this highly obtainable, injectable substance may lead to an increase in cases of necrotizing fasciitis. Orthopedic surgeons should be vigilant in diagnosing this process early and should perform an extensive debridement.
This article was published in the following journal.
Necrotizing fasciitis is one of the most life-threatening soft tissue infections and usually follows a major or minor trauma. Published reports regarding single microorganism liver abscess caused by K...
The treatment of necrotizing fasciitis requires a multifaceted approach, consisting of surgical source control with immediate surgical debridement along with life support, clinical monitoring, and ant...
Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a rapidly progressing, life-threatening soft tissue infection. The prognostic factors associated with death from abdominal wall NF are not well understood.
Acute appendicitis is one of the most common surgical diseases, but perforated appendicitis resulting in necrotizing fasciitis of the abdominal wall is exceedingly rare.
Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) of odontogenic origin affecting the head and neck region is a rare but serious clinical condition, which, if diagnosed late, can lead to a fatal outcome. The early diagnosis...
This is a retrospective descriptive study on the clinical and microbiological features of Klebsiella Pneumoniae Necrotizing Fasciitis.
The objective of this clinical trial is to evaluate both the safety and efficacy of the ReNu™ injection on pain and inflammation in subjects diagnosed with plantar fasciitis as compared ...
The specific aim of the study is to compare the safety and efficacy of a single administration of DaxibotulinumtoxinA for Injection versus placebo for managing plantar fasciitis.
Daptomycin is a new antimicrobial agent which has activity against resistant Gram positive cocci including MRSA. The phase 3 clinical trials for skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) with...
Rationale: The standard treatment of chronic plantar fasciitis is corticosteroid injections. Corticosteroid injection give temporarily pain reduction, but no healing. Blood platelets initi...
Inflammation of the fascia. There are three major types: 1, Eosinophilic fasciitis, an inflammatory reaction with eosinophilia, producing hard thickened skin with an orange-peel configuration suggestive of scleroderma and considered by some a variant of scleroderma; 2, Necrotizing fasciitis (FASCIITIS, NECROTIZING), a serious fulminating infection (usually by a beta hemolytic streptococcus) causing extensive necrosis of superficial fascia; 3, Nodular/Pseudosarcomatous /Proliferative fasciitis, characterized by a rapid growth of fibroblasts with mononuclear inflammatory cells and proliferating capillaries in soft tissue, often the forearm; it is not malignant but is sometimes mistaken for fibrosarcoma.
Therapy of sitting in a hot steamy room followed by a cool bath or shower.
A fulminating bacterial infection of the deep layers of the skin and FASCIA. It can be caused by many different organisms, with STREPTOCOCCUS PYOGENES being the most common.
A bony outgrowth on the lower surface of the CALCANEUS. Though often presenting along with plantar fasciitis (FASCIITIS, PLANTAR), they are not considered causally related.
Persons who have experienced a prolonged survival after serious disease or who continue to live with a usually life-threatening condition as well as family members, significant others, or individuals surviving traumatic life events.
Arthroplasty Joint Disorders Orthopedics Spinal Cord Disorders Orthopedics is the science or practice of correcting deformities caused by disease or damage to the bones and joints of the skeleton. This specialized branch of surgery may ...
Acne Dermatology Eczema Psoriasis Wound Care Dermatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders (Oxford Medical Dictionary). As well as studying how the skin works, dermatology covers...