Impact of a region wide antimicrobial stewardship guideline on urinary tract infection prescription patterns.

17:16 EST 20th December 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Impact of a region wide antimicrobial stewardship guideline on urinary tract infection prescription patterns."

Background Fluoroquinolones are frequently prescribed for non complicated urinary tract infection treatments and have a negative ecological impact. We aimed to substitute them by antibiotics with narrower activity spectrum in order to preserve fluoroquinolone activity in complicated hospital infections. Objective To assess the impact of a multi-modal approach that combines the dispatching of antibiotic prescription guidelines and voluntary attendance at educational sessions on general practitioners' (GP) antibiotic prescription habits. Setting This study was led in Franche-Comté, a French eastern region, where GPs were given a guideline recommending a restricted use of fluoroquinolones for urinary tract infections. Method Segmented regression analysis of interrupted time series was used to assess changes in antibiotic prescription. Main outcome measure: The antibiotic prescription data of nitrofurantoin, fosfomycin-trometamol and fluoroquinolones for women aged 15-65 years were obtained from the regional agency of health insurance. Results Twenty months after intervention, the number of nitrofurantoin and fosfomycintrometamol prescriptions increased by 36.8% (95%
CI:
30.6-42.2) and 28.5% (95%
CI:
22.9-35.4), respectively, while that of norfloxacin decreased by 9.1% (95%
CI:
-15.3 to -3.5). Conclusion This study suggests that the dispatch of the guideline on urinary tract infection had a moderate impact on antibiotic prescriptions.

Affiliation

Service d'Hygiène Hospitalière, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Besançon, 3 Bd Fleming, 25030, Besancon, Cedex, France.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International journal of clinical pharmacy
ISSN: 2210-7711
Pages:

Links

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A sulfonamide antimicrobial used for urinary tract infections and in veterinary medicine.

Synthetic antimicrobial related to NALIDIXIC ACID and used in URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS.

A surgical specialty concerned with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the urinary tract in both sexes, and the genital tract in the male. Common urological problems include urinary obstruction, URINARY INCONTINENCE, infections, and UROGENITAL NEOPLASMS.

Synthetic antimicrobial related to OXOLINIC ACID and NALIDIXIC ACID and used in URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS.

Properties, functions, and processes of the URINARY TRACT as a whole or of any of its parts.

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