New biomarkers in prostate cancer.
Summary of "New biomarkers in prostate cancer."
Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most common solid cancers and one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide in men. So far, several efforts have been devoted to identify prostate cancer biomarkers, which allow a discrimination between indolent and clinically significant diseases, however with scarce results. The prostate-specific antigen (PSA) still remains the marker of choice for PCa diagnosis, prognosis, and «active surveillance». Thus, a sensitive and specific independent indicator, easy to screen in blood or urine is still not available. This review will provide a new insight into the role of previous (i.e. PSA) and new biomarkers, to use separately or in combination for prostate cancer screening and early detection programs.
Klinik für Urologie, Abteilung Onkologische Forschung, Universitätsspital Zürich.
This article was published in the following journal.
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22252593
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1024/1661-8157/a000819
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A glycoprotein that is a kallikrein-like serine proteinase and an esterase, produced by epithelial cells of both normal and malignant prostate tissue. It is an important marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.
A synthetic retinoid that is used orally as a chemopreventive against prostate cancer and in women at risk of developing contralateral breast cancer. It is also effective as an antineoplastic agent.
Ultrasound, High-intensity Focused, Transrectal
Tissue ablation of the PROSTATE performed by ultrasound from a transducer placed in the RECTUM. The procedure is used to treat prostate cancer (PROSTATIC NEOPLASMS) and benign prostatic hypertrophy (PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA).
Prostatic Secretory Proteins
Proteins secreted by the prostate gland. The major secretory proteins from the human prostate gland include PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN, prostate-specific acid phosphatase, prostate-specific membrane antigen, and prostate-specific protein-94.
Tumors or cancer of the PROSTATE.
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