Microbiota and dietary interactions - an update to the hygiene hypothesis?
Summary of "Microbiota and dietary interactions - an update to the hygiene hypothesis?"
The dramatic increase in the incidence and severity of allergy and asthma has been proposed to be linked with an altered exposure to, and colonization by, micro-organisms, particularly early in life. However, other lifestyle factors such as diet and physical activity are also thought to be important, and it is likely that multiple environmental factors with currently unrecognized interactions contribute to the atopic state. This review will focus on the potential role of microbial metabolites in immunoregulatory functions and highlights the known molecular mechanisms, which may mediate the interactions between diet, microbiota, and protection from allergy and asthma.
Swiss Institute of Allergy and Asthma Research, University of Zurich, Davos, Switzerland; Christine Kühne-Center for Allergy Research and Education, Zurich, Switzerland.
This article was published in the following journal.
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22257145
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1398-9995.2011.02783.x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.
Oral Hygiene Index
A combination of the debris index and the dental calculus index to determine the status of oral hygiene.
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Two-hybrid System Techniques
Screening techniques first developed in yeast to identify genes encoding interacting proteins. Variations are used to evaluate interplay between proteins and other molecules. Two-hybrid techniques refer to analysis for protein-protein interactions, one-hybrid for DNA-protein interactions, three-hybrid interactions for RNA-protein interactions or ligand-based interactions. Reverse n-hybrid techniques refer to analysis for mutations or other small molecules that dissociate known interactions.
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