Subglottic tracheal stenosis.
Summary of "Subglottic tracheal stenosis."
To assess the results of endoscopic CO(2) laser resections combined with mitomycin-C and/or triamcinolone acetonide therapy in the treatment of patients with symptomatic subglottic tracheal stenosis. MATERIALS AND
Eleven patients (all female) with subglottic tracheal stenosis were divided into two groups: six patients with idiopathic subglottic tracheal stenosis and five with subglottic tracheal stenosis of known etiology (four with Wegener's disease and one with polychondritis of the trachea). Three patients showed signs of reflux. The primary outcome measure was improvement of the clinical symptoms and the secondary the postoperative reduction of airway resistance.
All patients were treated with CO(2) laser resections combined with mitomycin-C and/or triamcinolone acetonide therapy. Postoperative examinations during a period of 7 to 72 months demonstrated a reduction of symptoms and of airway resistance in all patients.
One or more endoscopic CO(2) laser resections combined with mitomycin-C and/or triamcinolone acetonide therapy are effective in the treatment of subglottic tracheal stenoses. Long-term oral steroid and immunosuppressive therapy as well as the use of proton pump inhibitors positively influences the postoperative outcome.
Universitätsklinik für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde und Kopf-Hals-Chirurgie, Universitätsmedizin Mainz, Langenbeckstr. 1, 55131, Mainz, Deutschland, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22261849
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00106-011-2447-0
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A pathological constriction that can occur above (supravalvular stenosis), below (subvalvular stenosis), or at the AORTIC VALVE. It is characterized by restricted outflow from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the AORTA.
The ratio of maximum blood flow to the MYOCARDIUM with CORONARY STENOSIS present, to the maximum equivalent blood flow without stenosis. The measurement is commonly used to verify borderline stenosis of CORONARY ARTERIES.
A set of BACTERIAL ADHESINS and TOXINS, BIOLOGICAL produced by BORDETELLA organisms that determine the pathogenesis of BORDETELLA INFECTIONS, such as WHOOPING COUGH. They include filamentous hemagglutinin; FIMBRIAE PROTEINS; pertactin; PERTUSSIS TOXIN; ADENYLATE CYCLASE TOXIN; dermonecrotic toxin; tracheal cytotoxin; Bordetella LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDES; and tracheal colonization factor.
Narrowing of the pyloric canal with varied etiology. A common form is due to muscle hypertrophy (PYLORIC STENOSIS, HYPERTROPHIC) seen in infants.