Isolated calf deep vein thrombosis in the community setting: the Worcester Venous Thromboembolism study.
Summary of "Isolated calf deep vein thrombosis in the community setting: the Worcester Venous Thromboembolism study."
The prevalence of isolated calf deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in the community setting is relatively unexplored. Confusion remains with regards to its management and contemporary natural history. The purpose of this investigation was to describe the number of cases of calf DVT in the community, use of early management strategies, and rates of venous thromboembolism (VTE) recurrence and major bleeding. The medical records of residents of the Worcester (MA) metropolitan area with ICD-9 codes consistent with potential VTE during 4 study years (1999/2001/2003/2005) were validated by trained nurses. Patient demographic/clinical characteristics, treatment practices, and outcomes were evaluated. Isolated calf DVT was diagnosed in 166 (11.1%) of 1,495 patients with lower extremity DVT. Patients with calf DVT were less likely to be discharged on anticoagulants or with an IVC filter than patients with proximal DVT (84.1 vs. 92.3%). The rates of VTE recurrence and pulmonary embolism did not differ significantly between patients with calf DVT and proximal DVT at 6 months (11.0 vs. 8.7%, 2.6 vs. 1.8%, respectively). Patients with calf DVT had higher adjusted risk of early (14-day) VTE recurrence/extension (OR 2.34, 95% CI 1.01-5.44). Patients with calf DVT had lower rates of major bleeding at 6 months compared to patients with proximal DVT (5.2 vs. 9.3%, P = 0.04). Rates of recurrent VTE and major bleeding following calf DVT in the community are much higher than in randomized clinical trials of patients with proximal or calf DVT. Further study of management strategies for isolated calf DVT is needed.
Department of Medicine, McMaster University Medical School, Hamilton, ON, Canada, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of thrombosis and thrombolysis
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22261699
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11239-011-0670-x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Upper Extremity Deep Vein Thrombosis
DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS of an upper extremity vein (e.g., AXILLARY VEIN; SUBCLAVIAN VEIN; and JUGULAR VEINS). It is associated with mechanical factors (Upper Extremity Deep Vein Thrombosis, Primary) secondary to other anatomic factors (Upper Extremity Deep Vein Thrombosis, Secondary). Symptoms may include sudden onset of pain, warmth, redness, blueness, and swelling in the arm.
Vein Of Galen Malformations
Congenital arteriovenous malformation involving the VEIN OF GALEN, a large deep vein at the base of the brain. The rush of arterial blood directly into the vein of Galen, without passing through the CAPILLARIES, can overwhelm the heart and lead to CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE.
Tight coverings for the foot and leg that are worn to aid circulation in the legs and prevent the formation of EDEMA and DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS. PNEUMATIC COMPRESSION STOCKINGS serve a similar purpose especially for bedridden patients and following surgery.
Intermittent Pneumatic Compression Devices
Instruments that generate intermittent forces, uniformed or graduated, to facilitate the emptying of VEINS. These devices are used to reduce limb EDEMA and prevent venous THROMBOEMBOLISM, such as deep vein thrombosis in the legs.
A condition caused by one or more episodes of DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS, usually the blood clots are lodged in the legs. Clinical features include EDEMA; PAIN; aching; heaviness; and MUSCLE CRAMP in the leg. When severe leg swelling leads to skin breakdown, it is called venous STASIS ULCER.
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