Endoscopic management of hilar cholangiocarcinoma.
Summary of "Endoscopic management of hilar cholangiocarcinoma."
Hilar cholangiocarcinoma has a poor prognosis and surgery remains the only curative option. However, few patients are diagnosed at a curable stage and palliative therapies are, therefore, mandatory. Endoscopy could have a useful role in the work-up of patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma who are unsuitable for surgery. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography provides an opportunity to collect specimens for cytological or histological diagnosis, yet is often nondiagnostic. Other techniques, including fluorescence in situ hybridization, confocal laser endomicroscopy and endoscopic ultrasonography, are now improving the accuracy of tissue diagnosis. This Review presents an overview of the diagnostic and therapeutic role of endoscopic procedures in the management of hilar cholangiocarcinoma. The use of such procedures in guiding the therapeutic management of patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma is discussed, and the relative success of endoscopic stenting as the main palliative therapy for obstructive jaundice (a common complication of hilar cholangiocarcinoma) is described. The potential role of photodynamic therapy as a palliative treatment for patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma is also outlined.
Department of Gastroenterology, General Hospital of Sanremo, Via Borea 56, Sanremo 18038, Italy.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Nature reviews. Gastroenterology & hepatology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22269953
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrgastro.2011.271
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Multiplanar reconstruction (MPR) images are used for assessing horizontal and vertical extent of hilar cholangiocarcinoma, while peroral cholangioscopy (POCS) is used for diagnosing ductal spread and...
To investigate the effect of preoperative biliary drainage (PBD) in jaundiced patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCCA) undergoing major liver resections.
The patient was a 69-year-old woman with elevated levels of hepatobiliary enzymes. An abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan revealed an enhanced mass in the liver hilum with dilatation of the intrah...
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is the second most common malignant tumor of the liver. It is simply classified as intrahepatic and extrahepatic CCA (including perihilar and distal extra hepatic CCA) accordi...
To evaluate the feasibility and performance of coregistered 18F-FDG-PET/MRI in the staging of potentially respectable hilar cholangiocarcinoma.
The investigators conducted a prospective study to determine the safety and efficacy of minor and major hepatectomy selected by predetermined criteria in 138 patients with hilar cholangioc...
This study is to investigate whether preoperative biliary drainage can reduce the postoperative morbidity in patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma.
The purpose of this study is to compare the quality of life in patients with unresectable hilar cholangiocarcinoma on palliative metallic stent versus plastic Stent.
The overall median survival of nonresectable malignant hilar obstruction in most series has been less than 6 months. Most patients with malignant hilar obstruction present with advanced di...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Fiberoptic endoscopy designed for duodenal observation and cannulation of VATER'S AMPULLA, in order to visualize the pancreatic and biliary duct system by retrograde injection of contrast media. Endoscopic (Vater) papillotomy (SPHINCTEROTOMY, ENDOSCOPIC) may be performed during this procedure.
Incision of Oddi's sphincter or Vater's ampulla performed by inserting a sphincterotome through an endoscope (DUODENOSCOPE) often following retrograde cholangiography (CHOLANGIOPANCREATOGRAPHY, ENDOSCOPIC RETROGRADE). Endoscopic treatment by sphincterotomy is the preferred method of treatment for patients with retained or recurrent bile duct stones post-cholecystectomy, and for poor-surgical-risk patients that have the gallbladder still present.
The management of all procurement, distribution, and storage of equipment and supplies, as well as logistics management including laundry, processing of reusables, etc.
Participation of employees with management as a labor-management team, in decisions pertaining to the operational activities of the organization or industry.
Business management of medical and dental practices that may include capital financing, utilization management, and arrangement of capitation agreements with other parties.