Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Evidence shows that tobacco smoking interacts with development of rheumatic diseases. Increase in white cells count (leukocytosis) is frequently present, and in smokers, it is considered a biomarker of cardiovascular risk. Aim of the study is to evaluate this biomarker in smokers with rheumatic diagnosis. We carried out an observational study on 115 rheumatic outpatients (26 men and 89 women) divided into two groups according to their smoking habit: one composed of 56 smokers, the other of 59 not smokers. Diagnosis and common routinary clinical parameters were collected. In the total sample, smokers were 48.69%. Most common diagnosis was osteoarthritis (OA) (40.87% of the total); smokers in OA women were 36.11%, smokers in OA men were 54.55%. Second most common diagnosis was rheumatoid arthritis (RA) (23.48% of the total); smokers in RA women were 40.91%; smokers in RA men were 80%. OA smokers showed a significant increase (P < 0.05) in white cells count when compared with OA not smokers. Between RA smokers and not smokers, any clinical difference was found. RA subjects following regular pharmacological treatment in the last 2 months were 84.61%. OA patients treated with drugs in the last 2 months were only 22.2%. Results seem to confirm that smoking habit may influence the development as well as gender distribution of rheumatic diseases. They show also that in absence of pharmacological treatment in smokers affected by OA leukocytosis (biomarker of cardiovascular risk) is observed.
Rheumatology Unit, University Hospital G. Martino, Messina, Italy.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Rheumatology international
Stem cells (SC) are characterized by the possibility of a potentially unlimited number of divisions, that are, its self-renewal and differentiation pot in all tissues of the body. The term "stem cells...
Improved targeted therapies for rheumatic diseases were developed recently resulting in a better prognosis for affected patients. Nowadays, patients are living longer and with improved quality of life...
Rheumatic diseases (RDs) represent a global problem for health care systems and patients. Community Oriented Program for Control of Rheumatic Diseases (COPCORD) is a low-cost screening tool for detect...
Newly identified T helper cell 22 (Th22) is a subset of CD4+T cells with specific properties apart from other known CD4+ T cell subsets with distinguished gene expression and function. Th22 cell...
Differentiating septic arthritis of the pediatric hip from other causes of hip pain and effusion continues to present a diagnostic challenge for the clinician. Although septic arthritis traditionally ...
Computers allow individuals to engage in economic, social, and entertainment activities. Despite the many benefits of computer use, many individuals with rheumatic diseases may have diffic...
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD for short) involves inflammation inside the air passages of the lungs. This inflammation might be partly responsible for the shortness of breath...
Randomized controlled trial including 100 subjects with rheumatic diseases and biological treatment with a 28 point-Disease Activity Score(DAS28)3.2 or less. The subjects will be randomize...
To evaluate the compliance of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in young people with Chronic rheumatic disease
Habitual smoking is associated with an increased risk of coronary artery disease, cerebral and peripheral vascular disease, including ocular diseases like age-related macular degeneration ...
The number of WHITE BLOOD CELLS per unit volume in venous BLOOD. A differential leukocyte count measures the relative numbers of the different types of white cells.
Cardiac manifestation of systemic rheumatological conditions, such as RHEUMATIC FEVER. Rheumatic heart disease can involve any part the heart, most often the HEART VALVES and the ENDOCARDIUM.
The quality of SEMEN, an indicator of male fertility, can be determined by semen volume, pH, sperm concentration (SPERM COUNT), total sperm number, sperm viability, sperm vigor (SPERM MOTILITY), normal sperm morphology, ACROSOME integrity, and the concentration of WHITE BLOOD CELLS.
A count of SPERM in the ejaculum, expressed as number per milliliter.
Disorders of connective tissue, especially the joints and related structures, characterized by inflammation, degeneration, or metabolic derangement.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) Blood Cardiovascular Dialysis Hypertension Stent Stroke Vascular Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina...
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...
Arthritis is by definition the inflammation of one or more joints, characterized by swelling, pain, warmth, redness and diminished range of joint movement (Oxford Medical Dictionary). There are many different types; Noninflammatory; Osteoarthritis, N...