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A fragment of antigen binding (Fab) surface display system was developed using a glycoengineered Pichia pastoris host strain genetically modified to secrete glycoproteins with mammalian mannose-type Man(5)GlcNAc(2) N-linked glycans. The surface display method described here takes advantage of a pair of coiled-coil peptides as the linker while using the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Sed1p GPI-anchored cell surface protein as an anchoring domain. Several Fabs were successfully displayed on the cell surface using this system and the expression level of the displayed Fabs was correlated to that of secreted Fabs from the same glycoengineered host in the absence of the cell wall anchor. Strains displaying different model Fabs were mixed and, through cell sorting, the strain displaying more expressed Fab molecule or the strain displaying the Fab with higher affinity for an antigen was effectively enriched by FACS. This novel yeast surface display system provides a general platform for the display of Fab libraries for affinity and/or expression maturation using glycoengineered Pichia.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of immunological methods
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Univalent antigen-binding fragments composed of one entire IMMUNOGLOBULIN LIGHT CHAIN and the amino terminal end of one of the IMMUNOGLOBULIN HEAVY CHAINS from the hinge region, linked to each other by disulfide bonds. Fab contains the IMMUNOGLOBULIN VARIABLE REGIONS, which are part of the antigen-binding site, and the first IMMUNOGLOBULIN CONSTANT REGIONS. This fragment can be obtained by digestion of immunoglobulins with the proteolytic enzyme PAPAIN.
A trisaccharide antigen expressed on glycolipids and many cell-surface glycoproteins. In the blood the antigen is found on the surface of NEUTROPHILS; EOSINOPHILS; and MONOCYTES. In addition, CD15 antigen is a stage-specific embryonic antigen.
The visual display of data in a man-machine system. An example is when data is called from the computer and transmitted to a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY or LIQUID CRYSTAL display.
A biosensing technique in which biomolecules capable of binding to specific analytes or ligands are first immobilized on one side of a metallic film. Light is then focused on the opposite side of the film to excite the surface plasmons, that is, the oscillations of free electrons propagating along the film's surface. The refractive index of light reflecting off this surface is measured. When the immobilized biomolecules are bound by their ligands, an alteration in surface plasmons on the opposite side of the film is created which is directly proportional to the change in bound, or adsorbed, mass. Binding is measured by changes in the refractive index. The technique is used to study biomolecular interactions, such as antigen-antibody binding.
Those hepatitis B antigens found on the surface of the Dane particle and on the 20 nm spherical and tubular particles. Several subspecificities of the surface antigen are known. These were formerly called the Australia antigen.
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