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A fragment of antigen binding (Fab) surface display system was developed using a glycoengineered Pichia pastoris host strain genetically modified to secrete glycoproteins with mammalian mannose-type Man(5)GlcNAc(2) N-linked glycans. The surface display method described here takes advantage of a pair of coiled-coil peptides as the linker while using the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Sed1p GPI-anchored cell surface protein as an anchoring domain. Several Fabs were successfully displayed on the cell surface using this system and the expression level of the displayed Fabs was correlated to that of secreted Fabs from the same glycoengineered host in the absence of the cell wall anchor. Strains displaying different model Fabs were mixed and, through cell sorting, the strain displaying more expressed Fab molecule or the strain displaying the Fab with higher affinity for an antigen was effectively enriched by FACS. This novel yeast surface display system provides a general platform for the display of Fab libraries for affinity and/or expression maturation using glycoengineered Pichia.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of immunological methods
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Univalent antigen-binding fragments composed of one entire IMMUNOGLOBULIN LIGHT CHAIN and the amino terminal end of one of the IMMUNOGLOBULIN HEAVY CHAINS from the hinge region, linked to each other by disulfide bonds. Fab contains the IMMUNOGLOBULIN VARIABLE REGIONS, which are part of the antigen-binding site, and the first IMMUNOGLOBULIN CONSTANT REGIONS. This fragment can be obtained by digestion of immunoglobulins with the proteolytic enzyme PAPAIN.
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