Elevated neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio predicts overall and cardiovascular mortality in maintenance peritoneal dialysis patients.
Summary of "Elevated neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio predicts overall and cardiovascular mortality in maintenance peritoneal dialysis patients."
Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is widely used as a marker of inflammation and an indicator of cardiovascular outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease. However, its prognostic value in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients is still unknown.
We studied 138 newly started PD patients and 60 healthy controls at the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China. Baseline NLR as well as demographic, clinical, and biochemical parameters were recorded. All patients were followed up until March 2011 to evaluate mortality as the primary outcome. Overall and cardiovascular disease-free survival rates were compared according to NLR level. Multivariate analysis was performed to assess the prognostic value of NLR.
Baseline NLR levels (mean 3.5 ± 1.6) were significantly increased in PD patients compared to healthy controls (mean 1.5 ± 0.5; P < 0.001). Patients with higher NLR had a higher mortality rate compared with patients with lower NLR (51.5% vs 22.9%; P = 0.006). The 1-year and 3-year overall survival rates were 86.6% and 65.9% for patients with higher NLR compared with 97% and 85.1% for patients with lower NLR (P = 0.006). Patients with higher NLR also showed a higher cardiovascular mortality rate, compared with patients with lower NLR (38% vs 7.6%; P = 0.003). The 1-year and 3-year cardiovascular event-free survival rates were 90.7% and 81.9% for patients with higher NLR, compared with 98.6% and 95.1% for patients with lower NLR. Multivariate analysis showed high NLR value was an independent risk factor for all-cause and cardiovascular mortality.
Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio is a strong predictor for overall and cardiovascular mortality in PD patients.
Department of Nephrology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510080, People's Republic of China.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International urology and nephrology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22290530
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11255-012-0130-3
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
The process in which the neutrophil is stimulated by diverse substances, resulting in degranulation and/or generation of reactive oxygen products, and culminating in the destruction of invading pathogens. The stimulatory substances, including opsonized particles, immune complexes, and chemotactic factors, bind to specific cell-surface receptors on the neutrophil.
Hypertrophy, Right Ventricular
Enlargement of the RIGHT VENTRICLE of the heart. This increase in ventricular mass is often attributed to PULMONARY HYPERTENSION and is a contributor to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.
Minor Lymphocyte Stimulatory Antigens
Endogenous superantigens responsible for inducing strong proliferative responses in T-cells in mixed lymphocyte reactions (see LYMPHOCYTE CULTURE TEST, MIXED). They are encoded by mouse mammary tumor viruses that have integrated into the germ line as DNA proviruses (MINOR LYMPHOCYTE STIMULATORY LOCI).
Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular
Enlargement of the LEFT VENTRICLE of the heart. This increase in ventricular mass is attributed to sustained abnormal pressure or volume loads and is a contributor to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.
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