Tumors of Vater's ampulla.
Summary of "Tumors of Vater's ampulla."
Tumors of Vater's ampulla are generally uncommon. In this location intestinal type adenomas are frequently found, followed by noninvasive papillary neoplasms of the pancreaticobiliary type and neuroendocrine tumors (carcinoids). Carcinomas of Vater's ampulla represent about 0.5% of all gastrointestinal malignancies. Intestinal type adenocarcinoma is the most common malignant epithelial tumor followed by the pancreaticobiliary type adenocarcinoma. Highly malignant neuroendocrine carcinomas of Vater's ampulla are very uncommon. Carcinomas of the ampullary region can be sporadic or a component of several disease syndromes. Designation of large carcinomas as tumors with an ampullary or extra-ampullary origin can be difficult but is of relevance for a TNM conform classification. Helpful in the decision are the relationship between the tumor centre and Vater's ampulla, the existence of premalignant lesions in the ampullary epithelium as well as histology and immunostaining of the tumor.
Institut für Pathologie, RWTH Aachen University, Pauwelsstr. 30, 52074, Aachen, Deutschland, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Der Pathologe
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22293786
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00292-011-1546-8
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Ampulla Of Vater
A dilation of the duodenal papilla that is the opening of the juncture of the COMMON BILE DUCT and the MAIN PANCREATIC DUCT, also known as the hepatopancreatic ampulla.
Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde
Fiberoptic endoscopy designed for duodenal observation and cannulation of VATER'S AMPULLA, in order to visualize the pancreatic and biliary duct system by retrograde injection of contrast media. Endoscopic (Vater) papillotomy (SPHINCTEROTOMY, ENDOSCOPIC) may be performed during this procedure.
Common Bile Duct Neoplasms
Tumor or cancer of the COMMON BILE DUCT including the AMPULLA OF VATER and the SPHINCTER OF ODDI.
Common Bile Duct Diseases
Diseases of the COMMON BILE DUCT including the AMPULLA OF VATER and the SPHINCTER OF ODDI.
Incision of Oddi's sphincter or Vater's ampulla performed by inserting a sphincterotome through an endoscope (DUODENOSCOPE) often following retrograde cholangiography (CHOLANGIOPANCREATOGRAPHY, ENDOSCOPIC RETROGRADE). Endoscopic treatment by sphincterotomy is the preferred method of treatment for patients with retained or recurrent bile duct stones post-cholecystectomy, and for poor-surgical-risk patients that have the gallbladder still present.
We report a case of signet-ring cell carcinoma admixed with adenocarcinoma of the ampulla of Vater. Signet-ring cell carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater is rarely encountered in clinical practice.
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