The Clinical Spectrum of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis in a Large Urban Population.
Summary of "The Clinical Spectrum of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis in a Large Urban Population."
Urban populations present particular challenges for medical providers. Patients are extremely diverse, with varied socioeconomic, cultural, and ethnic backgrounds. Physicians caring for children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis must be prepared to interact effectively with many types of families who bring with them varied experiences and expectations. Pediatric rheumatologists should be familiar with patient characteristics that can influence disease outcomes. Access to care is affected by place of residence, referral delays, parental education, and the child's insurance status. Patients of different ethnic backgrounds vary in their trust of physicians and health systems. Understanding of risk in medical decision making is influenced by ethnicity as well. Adherence also varies by ethnic group, with African American patients reporting lower adherence than Caucasian patients. Issues of doctor-patient communication and use of complementary and alternative medicine are also affected by cultural factors. Especially for physicians working in a large metropolitan area, an understanding of societal factors influencing patient behavior is essential to provide optimal care for children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
Pediatric Rheumatology, University of Chicago Medical Center, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, MC 5044, Chicago, IL, 60637, USA, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Current rheumatology reports
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22302622
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11926-012-0237-7
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Arthritis, Juvenile Rheumatoid
Rheumatoid arthritis of children occurring in three major subtypes defined by the symptoms present during the first six months following onset: systemic-onset (Still's Disease, Juvenile-Onset), polyarticular-onset, and pauciarticular-onset. Adult-onset cases of Still's disease (STILL'S DISEASE, ADULT-ONSET) are also known. Only one subtype of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (polyarticular-onset, rheumatoid factor-positive) clinically resembles adult rheumatoid arthritis and is considered its childhood equivalent.
Macrophage Activation Syndrome
A serious complication of childhood systemic inflammatory disorders that is thought to be caused by excessive activation and proliferation of T-LYMPHOCYTES and MACROPHAGES. It is seen predominantly in children with systemic onset JUVENILE IDIOPATHIC ARTHRITIS.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.
Leukemia, Large Granular Lymphocytic
A spectrum of disorders characterized by clonal expansions of the peripheral blood LYMPHOCYTE populations known as large granular lymphocytes which contain abundant cytoplasm and azurophilic granules. Subtypes develop from either CD3-negative NATURAL KILLER CELLS or CD3-positive T-CELLS. The clinical course of both subtypes can vary from spontaneous regression to progressive, malignant disease.
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