Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
To asses the prevalence of learning disorders in school going children and to compare the socio-demographic variables and other related factors with learning disorder.
All the 500 students of class III to V with all sections were given the dyslexia assessment questionnaire (DAQ) to fill; 468 students returned the completed forms.Statistical analysis was done using chi-square test. Only 68 children scored ≥4 on DAQ were given MISIC (Mallin's intelligence scale for Indian children) for IQ assessment and DST-J for dyslexia screening. Forty-eight students were labeled as dyslexia and further diagnosis was confirmed by DSM IV- TR classification.
Prevalence of learning disorders (LD) was found to be 10.25% with higher in males than females (11.40% vs. 7.14%).The delivery complications (20.83% vs. 4.17%; X (2)-4.667, p value-0.031) were more in LD and more family members were left handed (16.67% vs. 2.08%; X (2)-4.41, p value-0.036) as compared to control group. In classroom behavior, children with LD asked questions less (10.42% vs. 75%; X (2)-40.91, p value-0.0001), answered questions less frequently (6.25% vs. 79.16%; X (2)-52.15, p value-0.0001) and took notes less attentively than control group (4.17% vs. 58.33%; X (2)-32.77, p value-0.0001).
The current study, therefore, is an attempt to identify children with learning disorders and explore the prevalence of the problem and etiological factors e.g., family environment, social factors and developmental issues of child and associated co-morbidities. More studies with larger sample size should be undertaken to get accurate picture of these disorders.There is also need for some community based programme to raise the level of awareness and knowledge about these disorders in general population.
Department of Pediatric Medicine, S.P. Medical College and AG Hospital, Bikaner, 334001, Rajasthan, India, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Indian journal of pediatrics
The molecular processes that establish fear memory are complex and involve a combination of genetic and epigenetic influences. Dysregulation of these processes can manifest in humans as a range of fea...
The aim of the article is to contribute to the understanding of the school meal as a site for learning about food, nutrition and the wider determinants of health in three small rural schools of Ecuado...
Tourette syndrome (TS) is associated with a variety of neuropsychiatric comorbidities. However, the relationship between TS and sleep disorders in children is less investigated. This nationwide popula...
Concussion in children and adolescents is a common injury that is usually managed by the primary care provider. Students with a concussion may present with a variety of symptoms, and these symptoms in...
The aim of this study was to determine the association between verbal school bullying and possible sleep bruxism (SB) in adolescents. A case-control study was carried out at the population level by re...
One of the commonly adopted strategies in improving outcome in psychotic disorders is by focused, specific and intensive intervention in the initial few years of the disorder. However the ...
All the studies underlined the high frequency of co-morbid associations in specific learning disorders. Understanding the reasons for these associations could enable us to determine the ce...
This 3-year school-based epidemiological study on child and adolescent mental disorders aims to obtain the prevalence rate and identify the psychosocial, individual, environmental, and fam...
Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are increasing each year. There are about 1 in 160 children for the age group of 6-12 years old in Australia are diagnosed with ASD. Children w...
This study will explore the relationship between sleep, learning, cognition, mood and behaviour in children with Tic Disorders (Tourette Syndrome and Chronic Tic Disorder) compared to typi...
Diagnosed when there are specific deficits in an individual’s ability to perceive or process information efficiently and accurately. This disorder first manifests during the years of formal schooling and is characterized by persistent and impairing difficulties with learning foundational academic skills in reading, writing, and/or math. The individual’s performance of the affected academic skills is well below average for age, or acceptable performance levels are achieved only with extraordinary effort. Specific learning disorder may occur in individuals identified as intellectually gifted and manifest only when the learning demands or assessment procedures (e.g., timed tests) pose barriers that cannot be overcome by their innate intelligence and compensatory strategies. For all individuals, specific learning disorder can produce lifelong impairments in activities dependent on the skills, including occupational performance. (from DSM-V)
Management control systems for structuring health care delivery strategies around case types, as in DRGs, or specific clinical services.
Application of tests and examinations to identify visual defects or vision disorders occurring in specific populations, as in school children, the elderly, etc. It is differentiated from VISION TESTS, which are given to evaluate/measure individual visual performance not related to a specific population.
Studies designed to examine associations, commonly, hypothesized causal relations. They are usually concerned with identifying or measuring the effects of risk factors or exposures. The common types of analytic study are CASE-CONTROL STUDIES; COHORT STUDIES; and CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDIES.
Usually refers to the use of mathematical models in the prediction of learning to perform tasks based on the theory of probability applied to responses; it may also refer to the frequency of occurrence of the responses observed in the particular study.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Dyslexia is a specific learning difficulty which mainly affects the development of literacy and language related skills (BDA). It has been suggested that up to 10% of the population (or even more) show some signs of dyslexia, particularly when it is pr...