A Case Control Study on Specific Learning Disorders in School Going Children in Bikaner City.
Summary of "A Case Control Study on Specific Learning Disorders in School Going Children in Bikaner City."
To asses the prevalence of learning disorders in school going children and to compare the socio-demographic variables and other related factors with learning disorder.
All the 500 students of class III to V with all sections were given the dyslexia assessment questionnaire (DAQ) to fill; 468 students returned the completed forms.Statistical analysis was done using chi-square test. Only 68 children scored ≥4 on DAQ were given MISIC (Mallin's intelligence scale for Indian children) for IQ assessment and DST-J for dyslexia screening. Forty-eight students were labeled as dyslexia and further diagnosis was confirmed by DSM IV- TR classification.
Prevalence of learning disorders (LD) was found to be 10.25% with higher in males than females (11.40% vs. 7.14%).The delivery complications (20.83% vs. 4.17%; X (2)-4.667, p value-0.031) were more in LD and more family members were left handed (16.67% vs. 2.08%; X (2)-4.41, p value-0.036) as compared to control group. In classroom behavior, children with LD asked questions less (10.42% vs. 75%; X (2)-40.91, p value-0.0001), answered questions less frequently (6.25% vs. 79.16%; X (2)-52.15, p value-0.0001) and took notes less attentively than control group (4.17% vs. 58.33%; X (2)-32.77, p value-0.0001).
The current study, therefore, is an attempt to identify children with learning disorders and explore the prevalence of the problem and etiological factors e.g., family environment, social factors and developmental issues of child and associated co-morbidities. More studies with larger sample size should be undertaken to get accurate picture of these disorders.There is also need for some community based programme to raise the level of awareness and knowledge about these disorders in general population.
Department of Pediatric Medicine, S.P. Medical College and AG Hospital, Bikaner, 334001, Rajasthan, India, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Indian journal of pediatrics
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22302404
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12098-012-0699-7
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Management control systems for structuring health care delivery strategies around case types, as in DRGs, or specific clinical services.
Application of tests and examinations to identify visual defects or vision disorders occurring in specific populations, as in school children, the elderly, etc. It is differentiated from VISION TESTS, which are given to evaluate/measure individual visual performance not related to a specific population.
Usually refers to the use of mathematical models in the prediction of learning to perform tasks based on the theory of probability applied to responses; it may also refer to the frequency of occurrence of the responses observed in the particular study.
Studies designed to examine associations, commonly, hypothesized causal relations. They are usually concerned with identifying or measuring the effects of risk factors or exposures. The common types of analytic study are CASE-CONTROL STUDIES; COHORT STUDIES; and CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDIES.
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