A Case Control Study on Specific Learning Disorders in School Going Children in Bikaner City.
Summary of "A Case Control Study on Specific Learning Disorders in School Going Children in Bikaner City."
To asses the prevalence of learning disorders in school going children and to compare the socio-demographic variables and other related factors with learning disorder.
All the 500 students of class III to V with all sections were given the dyslexia assessment questionnaire (DAQ) to fill; 468 students returned the completed forms.Statistical analysis was done using chi-square test. Only 68 children scored ≥4 on DAQ were given MISIC (Mallin's intelligence scale for Indian children) for IQ assessment and DST-J for dyslexia screening. Forty-eight students were labeled as dyslexia and further diagnosis was confirmed by DSM IV- TR classification.
Prevalence of learning disorders (LD) was found to be 10.25% with higher in males than females (11.40% vs. 7.14%).The delivery complications (20.83% vs. 4.17%; X (2)-4.667, p value-0.031) were more in LD and more family members were left handed (16.67% vs. 2.08%; X (2)-4.41, p value-0.036) as compared to control group. In classroom behavior, children with LD asked questions less (10.42% vs. 75%; X (2)-40.91, p value-0.0001), answered questions less frequently (6.25% vs. 79.16%; X (2)-52.15, p value-0.0001) and took notes less attentively than control group (4.17% vs. 58.33%; X (2)-32.77, p value-0.0001).
The current study, therefore, is an attempt to identify children with learning disorders and explore the prevalence of the problem and etiological factors e.g., family environment, social factors and developmental issues of child and associated co-morbidities. More studies with larger sample size should be undertaken to get accurate picture of these disorders.There is also need for some community based programme to raise the level of awareness and knowledge about these disorders in general population.
Department of Pediatric Medicine, S.P. Medical College and AG Hospital, Bikaner, 334001, Rajasthan, India, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Indian journal of pediatrics
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22302404
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12098-012-0699-7
Purpose: We aimed at verifying an association between voice disorders/stress and loss of work ability among female teachers who work in São Paulo's public school system. Methods: This is a paired cas...
In this brief comment we add to our previous discussion (Posner, Rothbart & Tang, 2013) of the importance of control mechanisms related to attention networks by dealing with how control influences wha...
To study and compare in the children of alcohol-dependent males versus those in a socio-demographically similar control group, the occurrence of school dropouts, and to examine the link between certai...
The present study investigated the impact of a manualized high school transition program, the Peer Group Connection (PGC) program, on the graduation rate at a low-income, Mid-Atlantic high school. The...
Objective: To assess the presence of anxiety disorders and quality of life in patients with insulin-dependent type 2 diabetes. Methods: Case-control study of 996 patients with type 2 diabetes and 2,14...
One of the commonly adopted strategies in improving outcome in psychotic disorders is by focused, specific and intensive intervention in the initial few years of the disorder. However the ...
This study will try to determine what causes learning, behavioral and emotional problems in children with chronic granulomatous disease (GCD) and other phagocyte disorders. (Phagocytes are...
This is the second-year part of a two-phase prospective epidemiological study as well as a community case-controled study. The aims of the second year study are firstly, to investigate the...
Anxiety and mood disorders are among the most prevalent mental health problems in childhood. They have severe long-term morbidity, and associated academic and social impairment. Building...
The purpose of this study is to test the efficacy of a family-based psychosocial intervention to prevent school disengagement and reduce the incidence of depression, conduct disorders, and...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Management control systems for structuring health care delivery strategies around case types, as in DRGs, or specific clinical services.
Application of tests and examinations to identify visual defects or vision disorders occurring in specific populations, as in school children, the elderly, etc. It is differentiated from VISION TESTS, which are given to evaluate/measure individual visual performance not related to a specific population.
Usually refers to the use of mathematical models in the prediction of learning to perform tasks based on the theory of probability applied to responses; it may also refer to the frequency of occurrence of the responses observed in the particular study.
Studies designed to examine associations, commonly, hypothesized causal relations. They are usually concerned with identifying or measuring the effects of risk factors or exposures. The common types of analytic study are CASE-CONTROL STUDIES; COHORT STUDIES; and CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDIES.
The branch of psychology concerned with psychological aspects of teaching and the formal learning process in school.