High-throughput examination of fluorescence resonance energy transfer-detected metal-ion response in Mammalian cells.
Summary of "High-throughput examination of fluorescence resonance energy transfer-detected metal-ion response in Mammalian cells."
Fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET)-based genetically encoded metal-ion sensors are important tools for studying metal-ion dynamics in live cells. We present a time-resolved microfluidic flow cytometer capable of characterizing the FRET-based dynamic response of metal-ion sensors in mammalian cells at a throughput of 15 cells/s with a time window encompassing a few milliseconds to a few seconds after mixing of cells with exogenous ligands. We have used the instrument to examine the cellular heterogeneity of Zn(2+) and Ca(2+) sensor FRET response amplitudes and demonstrated that the cluster maps of the Zn(2+) sensor FRET changes resolve multiple subpopulations. We have also measured the in vivo sensor response kinetics induced by changes in Zn(2+) and Ca(2+) concentrations. We observed an ∼30 fold difference between the extracellular and intracellular sensors.
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado , Boulder, Colorado 80309, United States.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The transfer of energy of a given form among different scales of motion. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed). It includes the transfer of kinetic energy and the transfer of chemical energy. The transfer of chemical energy from one molecule to another depends on proximity of molecules so it is often used as in techniques to measure distance such as the use of FORSTER RESONANCE ENERGY TRANSFER.
Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer
A type of FLUORESCENCE SPECTROSCOPY using two FLUORESCENT DYES with overlapping emission and absorption spectra, which is used to indicate proximity of labeled molecules. This technique is useful for studying interactions of molecules and PROTEIN FOLDING.
Electron transfer through the cytochrome system liberating free energy which is transformed into high-energy phosphate bonds.
Laser Scanning Cytometry
A scanning microscope-based, cytofluorimetry technique for making fluorescence measurements and topographic analysis on individual cells. Lasers are used to excite fluorochromes in labeled cellular specimens. Fluorescence is detected in multiple discrete wavelengths and the locational data is processed to quantitatively assess APOPTOSIS; PLOIDIES; cell proliferation; GENE EXPRESSION; PROTEIN TRANSPORT; and other cellular processes.
Measurement of the polarization of fluorescent light from solutions or microscopic specimens. It is used to provide information concerning molecular size, shape, and conformation, molecular anisotropy, electronic energy transfer, molecular interaction, including dye and coenzyme binding, and the antigen-antibody reaction.
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