Bone tissue engineering using bone marrow stromal cells and an injectable sodium alginate/gelatin scaffold.
Summary of "Bone tissue engineering using bone marrow stromal cells and an injectable sodium alginate/gelatin scaffold."
To investigate the potential application of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) and an injectable sodium alginate/gelatin scaffold for bone tissue engineering (BTE). The phenotype of osteogenic BMSCs was examined by mineralized nodules formation and type I collagen expression. Cell proliferation was evaluated by MTT assay. The biocompatibility of scaffold and osteogenic cells were examined by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining. Ectopic bone formation as well as closure of rabbit calvarial critical-sized defects following scaffold-cell implantation were analyzed by histological examination and computed tomography (CT) scanning. Spindle-shaped osteogenic cells of high purity were derived from BMSCs. The osteogenic cells and sodium alginate/gelatin (2:3) scaffold presented fine biocompatibility following cross-linking with 0.6% of CaCl(2) . After implantation, the scaffold-cell construct promoted both ectopic bone formation and bone healing in the rabbit calvarial critical-sized defect model. Our data demonstrated that the sodium alginate/gelatin scaffold could be a suitable biomaterial for bone engineering, and the scaffold-osteogenic cells construct is a promising alternative approach for the bone healing process. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part
Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Beijing 100038, China; School of Basic Medical Science, Peking University, Beijing 100083, China.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22318897
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jbm.a.33232
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The soft tissue filling the cavities of bones. Bone marrow exists in two types, yellow and red. Yellow marrow is found in the large cavities of large bones and consists mostly of fat cells and a few primitive blood cells. Red marrow is a hematopoietic tissue and is the site of production of erythrocytes and granular leukocytes. Bone marrow is made up of a framework of connective tissue containing branching fibers with the frame being filled with marrow cells.
Bone Marrow Cells
Cells contained in the bone marrow including fat cells (see ADIPOCYTES); STROMAL CELLS; MEGAKARYOCYTES; and the immediate precursors of most blood cells.
Bone Marrow Purging
Techniques for the removal of subpopulations of cells (usually residual tumor cells) from the bone marrow ex vivo before it is infused. The purging is achieved by a variety of agents including pharmacologic agents, biophysical agents (laser photoirradiation or radioisotopes) and immunologic agents. Bone marrow purging is used in both autologous and allogeneic BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION.
Bone Marrow Neoplasms
Neoplasms located in the bone marrow. They are differentiated from neoplasms composed of bone marrow cells, such as MULTIPLE MYELOMA. Most bone marrow neoplasms are metastatic.
A cell-separation technique where magnetizable microspheres or beads are first coated with monoclonal antibody, allowed to search and bind to target cells, and are then selectively removed when passed through a magnetic field. Among other applications, the technique is commonly used to remove tumor cells from the marrow (BONE MARROW PURGING) of patients who are to undergo autologous bone marrow transplantation.
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