Epidemiology of Obesity, the Metabolic Syndrome, and Chronic Kidney Disease.

09:11 EDT 3rd August 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Epidemiology of Obesity, the Metabolic Syndrome, and Chronic Kidney Disease."

The prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS) has increased over the past several decades and is expected to continue to increase. Although the individual components of MetS have previously been associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD), until recently there were few data on the relationship between MetS itself and incident CKD and ESRD. A recent meta-analysis demonstrated an association between MetS and CKD. When pooling 10 prospective cohort studies, MetS was associated with an increased odds ratio for an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) less than 60 mL/ min per 1.73 m(2) (OR, 1.55; 95% CI, 1.34-1.80). Additionally, published data suggest an association between MetS and albuminuria. Evidence suggests that lifestyle modifications such as weight reduction, reduced dietary fat intake and cholesterol, and pharmacologic treatments may reduce the burden of MetS and thus the risk for CKD, albuminuria, and ESRD.

Affiliation

Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1665 University Boulevard, Suite 230J, Birmingham, AL, 35294, USA.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Current hypertension reports
ISSN: 1534-3111
Pages:

Links

PubMed Articles [30606 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Obesity, metabolic health, and the risk of end-stage renal disease.

Obesity is associated with chronic kidney disease progression. Whether metabolic risk factors modify this association is unclear. Here we examined associations of body mass index (BMI) and metabolic h...

Metabolic syndrome components as markers to prognosticate the risk of developing chronic kidney disease: evidence-based study with 6492 individuals.

The global prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) appears to be increasing and the impact of this condition on potential comorbidities such as cardiovascular disease is high. Chronic kidney disease (...

The Association between Metabolic Syndrome or Chronic Kidney Disease and Hearing Thresholds in Koreans: The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2009-2012.

The aim of this study was to determine whether metabolic syndrome (MetS) or chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with hearing thresholds in the general Korean population.

The fructose tolerance test in patients with chronic kidney disease and metabolic syndrome in comparison to healthy controls.

Fructose acutely raises serum uric acid in normal subjects, but the effect in subjects with metabolic syndrome or subjects with chronic kidney disease is unknown. The aim of the study was to evaluate ...

Association between the dietary factors and metabolic syndrome with chronic kidney disease in Chinese adults.

The aim of study was to examine the relationship between the dietary nutrition and the prevalence and risk of renal damage in patients with metabolic syndrome.

Clinical Trials [10361 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

The Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in Patients Suffering From Chronic Pain

Obesity is considered as the epidemic of the century. Central obesity is one of the metabolic syndrome's features. It has been proven that obesity can cause back pain and headaches; thus, ...

Examining the Relationship Between Tobacco Exposure, Abdominal Obesity, and Metabolic Syndrome in Adolescents (The STRONG Kids Study)

Metabolic syndrome is a term that describes a group of conditions that increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. The conditions include high blood pressure, obesity, and high cholestero...

Lepticore in Metabolic Syndrome and Weight Loss

Metabolic syndrome is directly related to obesity. This study investigated the use of a plant based formulation to improve on the condition of people with metabolic syndrome.

The Relation Between Periodontal Disease and Metabolic Syndrome

Periodontal disease is associated with the components of Metabolic syndrome, such as obesity, diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidemia. Therefore, strong relation with periodontal disease...

Frequency of Metabolic Syndrome in Down Syndrome Patients

The aim of this study is to assess the frequency of metabolic syndrome in Down syndrome patients because the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and obesity is higher in individuals with Down ...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level for more than three months. Chronic kidney insufficiency is classified by five stages according to the decline in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA). The most severe form is the end-stage renal disease (CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE). (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002)

A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.

The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.

Abnormal enlargement or swelling of a KIDNEY due to dilation of the KIDNEY CALICES and the KIDNEY PELVIS. It is often associated with obstruction of the URETER or chronic kidney diseases that prevents normal drainage of urine into the URINARY BLADDER.

ANGINA PECTORIS or angina-like chest pain with a normal coronary arteriogram and positive EXERCISE TEST. The cause of the syndrome is unknown. While its recognition is of clinical importance, its prognosis is excellent. (Braunwald, Heart Disease, 4th ed, p1346; Jablonski Dictionary of Syndromes & Eponymic Diseases, 2d ed). It is different from METABOLIC SYNDROME X, a syndrome characterized by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA, that has increased risk for cardiovascular disease.


Advertisement
 

Relevant Topics

Public Health
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Alternative Medicine Cleft Palate Complementary & Alternative Medicine Congenital Diseases Dentistry Ear Nose & Throat Food Safety Geriatrics Healthcare Hearing Medical Devices MRSA Muscular Dyst...

Nephrology - kidney function
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...

Endocrinology
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Diabetes Diabetes Endocrine Obesity Oxycontin Renal Disease Thyroid Disorders Endocrinology is the study of the endocrine glands and the hormones that they secrete (Oxford Medical Dictionary). There are several groups of h...

Advertisement
 

Searches Linking to this Article