Advertisement

Topics

Epidemiology of Obesity, the Metabolic Syndrome, and Chronic Kidney Disease.

06:00 EST 10th February 2012 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Epidemiology of Obesity, the Metabolic Syndrome, and Chronic Kidney Disease."

The prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS) has increased over the past several decades and is expected to continue to increase. Although the individual components of MetS have previously been associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD), until recently there were few data on the relationship between MetS itself and incident CKD and ESRD. A recent meta-analysis demonstrated an association between MetS and CKD. When pooling 10 prospective cohort studies, MetS was associated with an increased odds ratio for an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) less than 60 mL/ min per 1.73 m(2) (OR, 1.55; 95% CI, 1.34-1.80). Additionally, published data suggest an association between MetS and albuminuria. Evidence suggests that lifestyle modifications such as weight reduction, reduced dietary fat intake and cholesterol, and pharmacologic treatments may reduce the burden of MetS and thus the risk for CKD, albuminuria, and ESRD.

Affiliation

Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1665 University Boulevard, Suite 230J, Birmingham, AL, 35294, USA.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Current hypertension reports
ISSN: 1534-3111
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [32176 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Combined Association of Serum Uric Acid and Metabolic Syndrome with Chronic Kidney Disease in Hypertensive Patients.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is one of the major complications of hypertension. It is not only associated with the future burden of end-stage renal disease but also affects mortality and cardiovascula...

Relative hypocortisolism is associated with obesity and the metabolic syndrome in recurrent affective disorders.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the main causes of excess deaths in affective disorders. Affective disorders are associated with increased frequencies of CVD risk-factors such as obesity, dysli...

Obesity and the risk of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in chronic kidney disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Obesity is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and death in people without chronic kidney disease (CKD), but the effect of obesity in people with CKD is uncertain.

Peripheral Blood Flow Regulation in Human Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome.

Both obesity and metabolic syndrome are important cardiovascular disease risk factors. In this review, we will explore the hypothesis that young obese adults and adults with metabolic syndrome exhibit...

Chronic Kidney Disease Classification in Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial: Comparison Using Modification of Diet in Renal Disease and CKD-Epidemiology Collaboration Definitions.

Interventional trials have used either the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) or chronic kidney disease (CKD)-Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation for determination of estimated glo...

Clinical Trials [14167 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

The Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in Patients Suffering From Chronic Pain

Obesity is considered as the epidemic of the century. Central obesity is one of the metabolic syndrome's features. It has been proven that obesity can cause back pain and headaches; thus, ...

Examining the Relationship Between Tobacco Exposure, Abdominal Obesity, and Metabolic Syndrome in Adolescents (The STRONG Kids Study)

Metabolic syndrome is a term that describes a group of conditions that increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. The conditions include high blood pressure, obesity, and high cholestero...

Lepticore in Metabolic Syndrome and Weight Loss

Metabolic syndrome is directly related to obesity. This study investigated the use of a plant based formulation to improve on the condition of people with metabolic syndrome.

The Relation Between Periodontal Disease and Metabolic Syndrome

Periodontal disease is associated with the components of Metabolic syndrome, such as obesity, diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidemia. Therefore, strong relation with periodontal disease...

Frequency of Metabolic Syndrome in Down Syndrome Patients

The aim of this study is to assess the frequency of metabolic syndrome in Down syndrome patients because the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and obesity is higher in individuals with Down ...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level for more than three months. Chronic kidney insufficiency is classified by five stages according to the decline in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA). The most severe form is the end-stage renal disease (CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE). (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002)

A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.

The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.

Abnormal enlargement or swelling of a KIDNEY due to dilation of the KIDNEY CALICES and the KIDNEY PELVIS. It is often associated with obstruction of the URETER or chronic kidney diseases that prevents normal drainage of urine into the URINARY BLADDER.

ANGINA PECTORIS or angina-like chest pain with a normal coronary arteriogram and positive EXERCISE TEST. The cause of the syndrome is unknown. While its recognition is of clinical importance, its prognosis is excellent. (Braunwald, Heart Disease, 4th ed, p1346; Jablonski Dictionary of Syndromes & Eponymic Diseases, 2d ed). It is different from METABOLIC SYNDROME X, a syndrome characterized by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA, that has increased risk for cardiovascular disease.

Quick Search
Advertisement
 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Public Health
Alternative Medicine Cleft Palate Complementary & Alternative Medicine Congenital Diseases Dentistry Ear Nose & Throat Food Safety Geriatrics Healthcare Hearing Medical Devices MRSA Muscular Dyst...

Nephrology - kidney function
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...

Endocrinology
Diabetes Diabetes Endocrine Obesity Oxycontin Renal Disease Thyroid Disorders Endocrinology is the study of the endocrine glands and the hormones that they secrete (Oxford Medical Dictionary). There are several groups of h...


Searches Linking to this Article