Use of a saline chaser to reduce the dose of contrast material for dynamic CT in cattle.

20:07 EDT 29th July 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Use of a saline chaser to reduce the dose of contrast material for dynamic CT in cattle."

To investigate the effectiveness of a saline chaser in reducing the required dose of contrast material while carrying out dynamic CT scans in cattle, six clinically normal Holstein calves were subjected to CT scans of the head in a study using a crossover design. The calves were studied as three groups: group A received only contrast material (600 mgI/kg); group B received a 30 per cent lower dose of the same contrast material followed by 50 ml of saline solution; and group C received a 40 per cent lower dose of the same contrast material followed by 50 ml of saline solution. In all the animals, a power injector was used for administering the contrast material, with an injection rate of 4 ml/s and a pressure of 4.7 to 5.7 kg/cm(2). Attenuation values were obtained from the right and left maxillary arteries and dorsal sagittal sinus. There were no significant differences in the maximum enhancement value (MEV) of the maxillary arteries and dorsal sagittal sinus between groups A and B. The MEVs of the maxillary arteries and dorsal sagittal sinus in groups A and B were significantly greater than the MEV in group C (P<0.05). The use of a saline chaser allowed a 30 per cent reduction in the dose of contrast material without decreasing vascular enhancement.

Affiliation

The United Graduate School of Veterinary Sciences, Gifu University, Gifu 501-1193, Japan.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The Veterinary record
ISSN: 0042-4900
Pages: 170-2

Links

PubMed Articles [20611 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Immunocontraception for Managing Feral Cattle in Hong Kong.

Conflicts between human interests and feral cattle in Hong Kong derive from growing numbers of free-roaming cattle. Public antipathy towards lethal population control led the local authorities to cons...

Sinogram smoothing techniques for myocardial blood flow estimation from dose-reduced dynamic computed tomography.

Dynamic contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) could provide an accurate and widely available technique for myocardial blood flow (MBF) estimation to aid in the diagnosis and treatment of coronary...

Synovial fluid pharmacokinetics of tulathromycin, gamithromycin and florfenicol after a single subcutaneous dose in cattle.

Deep digital septic conditions represent some of the most refractory causes of severe lameness in cattle. The objective of this study was to determine the distribution of tulathromycin, gamithromycin ...

Efficacy of the Dynamic Jaw Mode in Helical Tomotherapy With Static Ports for Breast Cancer.

The recently developed dynamic jaw technology of tomotherapy can reduce craniocaudal dose spread without much prolonging the treatment time. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of the dynamic...

Dose Reduction in Contrast-Enhanced Cervical MR Angiography: Field Strength Dependency of Vascular Signal Intensity, Contrast Administration, and Arteriographic Quality.

Cervical contrast-enhanced MR angiography (MRA) has proven accurate and superior to noncontrast alternatives. We proposed the systematic investigation of dose reduction in contrast-enhanced MRA, hypot...

Clinical Trials [4335 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Prevention of Contrast-Induced Nephropathy

Patients with pre-existing kidney disease are at high risk of acute renal failure when exposed to radio-contrast dyes, for example during a cardiac angiogram. The investigators hypothesiz...

Dynamic Contrast Enhanced MRI(DCE-MRI)of Bone Tumors

The purpose of this study is to see whether fast imaging with MRI and the usual contrast material used for MRI, predicts which patients will do well with treatment. Some studies suggest th...

Coronary CT Angiography Using a Novel 3rd Generation Dual-Source CT System

Coronary CT angiography is used to examine the coronary arteries in a non-invasive way when a patient is suspected of having coronary artery disease. The test, however, requires relatively...

Effect of Sodium Bicarbonate Solution in Decreasing the Incidence of Contrast Induced Nephropathy (CIN)

Radio Contrast Induced Nephropathy (RCIN) remains a well recognized complication in patients undergoing diagnostic or interventional procedures requiring radiographic contrast agents. Rece...

Metastatic Spinal Bone Marrow Response to Radiation Therapy Using T1 Weighted Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced Perfusion

The purpose of this study is to assess imaging methods including Dynamic Contrast Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DCE-MRI) and perfusion for the cancer that has spread to the spine. T...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The highest dose of a biologically active agent given during a chronic study that will not reduce longevity from effects other than carcinogenicity. (from Lewis Dictionary of Toxicology, 1st ed)

A method of delineating blood vessels by subtracting a tissue background image from an image of tissue plus intravascular contrast material that attenuates the X-ray photons. The background image is determined from a digitized image taken a few moments before injection of the contrast material. The resulting angiogram is a high-contrast image of the vessel. This subtraction technique allows extraction of a high-intensity signal from the superimposed background information. The image is thus the result of the differential absorption of X-rays by different tissues.

The dose amount of poisonous or toxic substance or dose of ionizing radiation required to kill 50% of the tested population.

The amount of radiation energy that is deposited in a unit mass of material, such as tissues of plants or animal. In RADIOTHERAPY, radiation dosage is expressed in gray units (Gy). In RADIOLOGIC HEALTH, the dosage is expressed by the product of absorbed dose (Gy) and quality factor (a function of linear energy transfer), and is called radiation dose equivalent in sievert units (Sv).

A genus of HALOBACTERIACEAE distinguished from other genera in the family by the presence of specific derivatives of TGD-2 polar lipids. Haloarcula are found in neutral saline environments such as salt lakes, marine salterns, and saline soils.


Advertisement
 

Relevant Topic

Blood
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells.  In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...

Advertisement
 

Searches Linking to this Article