A new designer drug: Methylone related death.
Summary of "A new designer drug: Methylone related death."
This report presents a fatal case related to the consumption of methylone, a relatively new cathinone type designer drug. A 16-year-old boy suddenly lost his consciousness in a party. Resuscitation had been continued for about 1.5 hours at the intensive care unit, but it was unsuccessful. His previous history included cardiac malformation detected at infancy and bronchial asthma had been diagnosed one year before his death. Signs of sudden cardiac death were observed during autopsy. Methylone intake was proved in blood and liver extract using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry; its concentration was 272 ng/ml in the blood, and 387 ng/g in the liver. Pathohistology revealed microvascular steatosis in the liver, which raised the possibility of chronic use of toxic substances. In addition, striated heart muscle damage was observed, which could be due to the use of an amphetamine-like substance. The authors presume that steatosis of the heart muscle, congenital heart disease and bronchial asthma could be predisposing factors for sudden cardiac death that occurred in the presence of relatively low levels of methylone. Access to various designer drugs is easy, fast and broad. Consequently, the potential abuse or overdose should be taken into consideration in the emergency practice. The use of "non-illicit" drugs does not require formal intervention by the authorities, but the medical service must alarm the stakeholders. Orv. Hetil., 2012, 153, 271-276.
Szegedi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar Szent-Györgyi Albert Klinikai Központ, Igazságügyi Orvostani Intézet Szeged Kossuth L. sgt. 40. 6724.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Orvosi hetilap
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22318528
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/OH.2012.29310
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A component of the Executive Office of the President established by the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988. The Office establishes policies, priorities, and objectives for national DRUG AND NARCOTIC CONTROL. The goals of the program are to reduce illicit drug use, manufacturing, and trafficking, drug-related crime and violence, and drug-related health consequences.
Drugs designed and synthesized, often for illegal street use, by modification of existing drug structures (e.g., amphetamines). Of special interest are MPTP (a reverse ester of meperidine), MDA (3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine), and MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine). Many drugs act on the aminergic system, the physiologically active biogenic amines.
The science concerned with the benefit and risk of drugs used in populations and the analysis of the outcomes of drug therapies. Pharmacoepidemiologic data come from both clinical trials and epidemiological studies with emphasis on methods for the detection and evaluation of drug-related adverse effects, assessment of risk vs benefit ratios in drug therapy, patterns of drug utilization, the cost-effectiveness of specific drugs, methodology of postmarketing surveillance, and the relation between pharmacoepidemiology and the formulation and interpretation of regulatory guidelines. (Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 1992;1(1); J Pharmacoepidemiol 1990;1(1))
Forms to which substances are incorporated to improve the delivery and the effectiveness of drugs. Drug carriers are used in drug-delivery systems such as the controlled-release technology to prolong in vivo drug actions, decrease drug metabolism, and reduce drug toxicity. Carriers are also used in designs to increase the effectiveness of drug delivery to the target sites of pharmacological actions. Liposomes, albumin microspheres, soluble synthetic polymers, DNA complexes, protein-drug conjugates, and carrier erythrocytes among others have been employed as biodegradable drug carriers.
A local anesthetic that is chemically related to BUPIVACAINE but pharmacologically related to LIDOCAINE. It is indicated for infiltration, nerve block, and epidural anesthesia. Mepivacaine is effective topically only in large doses and therefore should not be used by this route. (From AMA Drug Evaluations, 1994, p168)